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1 B YES NO BB BB BB AA AA BB 510J

2 B

3 B A 510J

4 B A A A A A A 510J

5 B A 510J

6 B A A A A A 510J

7 M = σ Z Z = M σ AAA π T T = a ZP ZP = a AAA π B

8 M + M 2 +T 2 M T Me = = M σ Te = M 2 +T 2 = M 1 + T M 2 2 θ = 57.3 T L G IP θl l AAA θ B

9 B A A A l δ i l δ l i i l l δ l δ l i i l δ i δ l i l l δ δ l i 510J

10 l δ i δ l l i i l δ i δ l l i i δ l i l δ i δ l l i l i δ l l i i l δ δ l i l i i B

11 60λ 2 E 10 3 I Nc = π lb γ A l π A g π A B

12 L = ft fc CT fw TC 3 50 L = ft fc C 3 fw PC 50 B B B B

13 PE = PC+ 4 TC 10 3 i dp cosα i α α i i i i α α A i i Pu = K M AAA Lh = L ls n1 60 l B

14 B 510J

15 3 n 1 3 Pm = (Pn Ln) L n= Pm = (P1 L1 + P2 L2 + Pn Ln) L B

16 Pm 1 3 (Pmin + 2 Pmax) Pm 0.65Pmax Pm 0.75Pmax B

17 A AA g l B A B

18 l l B B B α α B B

19 B B B g g g g ll l l l l l B

20 M1 = mn a ln g M2 = mn 9.8 ln M3 = mn a ln g g g l g g lllll lllll lllll lllll lllll B

21 lllll ll ll ll ll ll ll B

22 Pn = Mn K A B B B B B B

A

A SKR A A A A A A PE = PR (PL) + PT A A A A A A A A A A A C0 fs = Pmax C0a fs = Fmax A L = 3 fc C 50 fw PC A A A Pm = K M Pm = KC MC 2 PE = Pm + P L 10 6 Lh = 2 l S n1 60 l A 3 Ca L = 10 6 fw Fa A L l Lh

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