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1 EC2000 National Action Plans for Social Inclusion

2 28 Vol. 43 No. 1 2 Burchardt, Le Grand & Piachaud 1999 Bradshaw et al Gordon et al.2000 Whelan et al.2002 poverty deprivation 1979 relative deprivation 2006 Basic Human Needs: BHN EU OECD multidimensional disadvantagematerial deprivation Apospori & Millar 2003, Boarini & Mira d Ercole persistent

3 1 EU European Community Household Panel (EU) Bradshaw (2000) Gordon (2000) Poverty and Social Exclusion Survey Burchardt, Le Grand & Piachaud (1999) British Household Panel Survey(BHPS) Tskloglou (2003) European Community Household Panel (EU) Moisio(2002) Summer a b c 7 4 d e ISCED0-2 29

4 30 Vol. 43 No. 1 poverty A A 20 1,600 1

5 Summer OECD OECD E

6 32 Vol. 43 No. 1 5 OECD / PTA OECD , OECD Boarini & Mira d Ercole material deprivation

7 Summer EX 1,2,3...7 i= i 1,2,3...7 J 1,2,3...7 = 1,2,3...7 dij= j i n BHN *

8 34 Vol. 43 No EU 60 Gordon Apospori & Millar Tskloglou BHN *** ** * *** * ** ** ** *** * * * * * * * * * * ** *** * *** ** *** * *** *** *** *** ** ** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** Adj.R * 10 ** 5 *** 1

9 Summer Tsakloglou & Papadopoulos OLS consistent

10 36 Vol. 43 No. 1 BHN 15 BHN BHN medium 1 2 spiral of precariousnessmoisio n

11 Summer n n n n n n n n n 1 2 2

12 38 Vol. 43 No * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * = *=1 +=5 1 1 Bradshaw & Finch

13 Summer medium 15 7 Relative Deprivation Scale Poverty in the United Kingdom Townsend BHN 1 European Community Household Panel : ECHP 2003 Community Statistics on Income and Living Conditions EU-SILC Panel Study of Income Dynamics: PSID BHPS British Household Panel Survey

14 40 Vol. 43 No transient poverty 1 chronic poverty 1 persistent poverty 2005, p Tsakloglou Papadopoulos Vol.141.pp pp Apospori, Eleni and Jane Millar (eds) (2003), The Dynamics of Social Exclusion in Europe: Comparing Austria, Germany, Greece, Portugal and the UK, Cheltenham, U.K.: Edward Elgar. Barnes, M., Heady, C., Middleton, S., Millar, J., Papadopoulos, F. and Tsakloglou, P. (eds) (2002), Poverty and Social Exclusion in Europe, Cheltenham, U.K. and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar. Boarini, Romina & Mira d Ercole, Marco (2006) Measures of Material Deprivation in OECD Countries, OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers, No.37 (DELSA/ELSA/WP1(2006)8). Bradshaw, et al. (2000) The Relationship between Poverty and Social Exclusion in Britain, Paper prepared for the 26th General Conference of the International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, Cracow, Poland, 27 Aug.-2.Sep Bradshaw, Jonathan & Finch, Naomi (2003) Overlaps in Dimensions of Poverty, Journal of Social Policy, Vol.32,4, pp Burchardt, Tania, Le Grand, Julian, & David Piachaud (1999) Social Exclusion in Britain , Social Policy & Administration, Vol.33, No.3, Sep. 1999, pp Gordon et al. (2000a) Poverty and Social Exclusion in Britain Joseph Rowntree Foundation. Moisio, Pasi (2002), The Nature of Social Exclusion Spiral of Precariousness or Statistical Category?, in Muffels, Tsakloglou, and Mayes (2002), pp Muffels, Rund, Tsakloglou, Panos, and David Mayes (eds) (2002), Social Exclusion IN European Welfare States, Cheltenham, U.K.: Edward Elgar. Townsend, P. (1979), Poverty in the United Kingdom, Allen Lane and Penguin Books. Tsakloglou, Panos & Papadopoulos, Fotis (2002) Identifying Population Groups at High Risk of Social Exclusion: Evidence from the ECHP, in Muffels, Tsakloglou and Mayes (2002), pp Van Praag, Bernard, Theo Goedhart & Arie Kapteyn (1980) The Poverty Line A Pilot Survey in Europe, The Review of Economics and Statistics, Vol.62, Issue 3, pp Whelan, Christopher, Layte, Richard, Maitre, Bertrand and Brian Nolan. (2002), Income Deprivation Approaches to the Measurement of Poverty in the European Union, in Muffels, Tsakloglou, and Mayes (2002), pp

,.,,.,. NIRA,.,.,,, GDP.,., 1%, 2.0% 3).,,.,,., 1, 4).,,.,, GDP,.,,.,,,.,,., 2002.,,., 3), Q&A Q16 (http://www.stat.go.jp/data/kakei/qa-1.ht

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