N cos s s cos ψ e e e e 3 3 e e 3 e 3 e

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1 > e > f U f U u u > u ue u e u ue u ue u e u e u u e u u e u

2 N cos s s cos ψ e e e e 3 3 e e 3 e 3 e

3 3 > A A > A E A f A A f A [ ] f A A e > > A e[ ] > f A E A

4 < < f ; > V bv b b Λ V

5

6 β α β α AR... E V. { } γ γ

7 S S S S e μ Z Z N μ F G G F

8 8 < < q P P k k k k k k P k E E

9 9 P k k P P P P P m P m P P P P P β β α α >

10 P k P k k q q q q q q q k k q k q k k k q k q k q k k k k q k k k q k k k q! q q q q q q q

11 mq m mq m q m m q m q m q m q m m q α β β α β α α β α β αβ α β α β α β

12 f ; Π Λ Λ T Λ ; ; T Λ T Λ ; α < T ; < α L U P Λ T Λ ; L U P ˆ Λ < < ˆ Λ α L U ˆ L Λ L U ˆ U Λ N μ ˆ Λ ˆ Λ μ μ μ U A A U N μ

13 3 α u N μ P u < U < u α A μ P u A < μ < u A α μ ˆμ ˆμ U ˆ μl u A ˆ μ U u A L V μ U B B U μ U Z V U U Z U Z U α u μ ˆμ ˆμ U L ˆ μ u L v ˆ μ u U v v V

14 N μ N μ μ μ δ δ δ U 3 C C U 3 N δ δ S D S δ U D S S U δ δ

15 5 V V V V V V Z Z Z Z Z Z Z Z N χ χ F F

16 χ χ χ F F

17 7. u > P u * * * * 3 * * 5 * * 7 * 8 * 9.* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

18 > P 8 u u * * * * 3 * * 5 * * 7 * 8 * 9.* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

19 9.φ χ χ ϕ φ

20 m F. m m m m m F m

21 φ ϕ φ..5.5 log e 以上

22 k A k k 3 A 3 A A 9 A j j k 3 A 3 { } A { } A 9 { } A { } P A3 35 P A P A P A q A 3 A A 9 A q q P A A A A P A P A P A P A 3 { P A P A P A P } q A

23 u v u v v u v U V f U V u v f u v v U u u v u v > v u e > f U u > f U u u u u u u f u v dv e dv [ ve ] ue U V u u f U

24 ϕ [ ] e e e ϕ d d e E φ [ ] [ ] [ ] e ϕ ϕ φ e E e E e E cos s s cos ψ φ cos s s cos cos s s cos e cos s s cos e φ ψ E E e cos s cos s e cos s s cos e ψ

25 A A e f A A e f f f f A A A A [ ] e e e e f f f A A A > > f f A e d e e d e d f f A A f f f A A [ ] e e >

26 d f A E A d e e d e d e e d e e

27 E E μ 3 μ E d 3 3 E μ 3 E 3 3 V bv E bv be V E d 8 V E μ V 3

28 E E E E E E E V μ μ μ μ E E E E E E E j j j j > μ μ μ E V 8 b b V be 8 b

29 ˆ ˆ 3 ˆ ˆ ˆ V ˆ V ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ V V ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ u N.5.5 ˆ u V ˆ ˆ u V ˆ ˆ ˆ u. 9.5 ˆ u V ˆ Λ ˆ u V ˆ

30

31 H 5 5 H 5 5 P H H P 555 P P HH P

32 9 9 5 f f 5 χ 5 5 { } φ 5 χ χ <.75 χ 5 5 < < <.9 5

33 r r R.88 r R

34 { } γ γ γ E... E..E.E μ..μ. μ μ μ μ μ γ.γ.γ. γ.γ. γ.γ. γ γ.. γ. {.. }. γ γ..7757λ γ.γ.γ.588λ.3λ

35 3 Pj j P P P P P P 3 P P P P 3 P P P P P P P P P

36 Λ

37 . /. S S e.. Z Z U Z Φ U U Φ e.. e e F Z G F e Z G F

38 P P q P P k k k k k k k P k P P k q k k E E k kp k q k k k q S k k k S S S S Λ Λ Λ S

39 q q q S E -

40 P k k P P P P q m P q q m P m q m q q 3 5 q q q

41 3 P P P q P q α β β > α

42 P P P P βp αp βp αp α β α β P βp P αp P βp α β P αp β α Θ P P P P P β α α β P β α k P k k P k P k P k k k

43 N μ μ μ μ U A N μ A U N μ α u N μ P u < U < u α μ P < μ < u α u μ ˆμ L ˆμ U ˆ μ u ˆ μ L u U

44 V μ U B V B U μ V Z U U Z U μ V U Z μ V Z χ U N U S V S χ V

45 α u μ P u < U < u α V μ P u V V < μ < u α μ ˆμ L U v v ˆ μ L u ˆ μ U u v V ˆμ

46 N μ N μ μ μ δ δ C U δ 3 N μ μ C 3 U N δ α u N α δ < < 3 u U u P δ α δ < < u u P δ L 3 ˆ δ U 3 ˆ δ L u 3 ˆ δ U u 3 ˆ δ

47 S S D U δ S S D U δ S S Z 3 Z U S S S S U δ δ Z χ 3 U N U

48 α u α δ < < u S S U u P δ α δ < < S S u S S u P δ L ˆ δ U ˆ δ ˆ L s s u δ ˆ U s s u δ s s S S

49

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2. 2 P M A 2 F = mmg AP AP 2 AP (G > : ) AP/ AP A P P j M j F = n j=1 mm j G AP j AP j 2 AP j 3 P ψ(p) j ψ(p j ) j (P j j ) A F = n j=1 mgψ(p j ) j AP 1. 1 213 1 6 1 3 1: ( ) 2: 3: SF 1 2 3 1: 3 2 A m 2. 2 P M A 2 F = mmg AP AP 2 AP (G > : ) AP/ AP A P P j M j F = n j=1 mm j G AP j AP j 2 AP j 3 P ψ(p) j ψ(p j ) j (P j j ) A F = n j=1 mgψ(p j ) j AP

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50 2 I SI MKSA r q r q F F = 1 qq 4πε 0 r r 2 r r r r (2.2 ε 0 = 1 c 2 µ 0 c = m/s q 2.1 r q' F r = 0 µ 0 = 4π 10 7 N/A 2 k = 1/(4πε 0 qq

50 2 I SI MKSA r q r q F F = 1 qq 4πε 0 r r 2 r r r r (2.2 ε 0 = 1 c 2 µ 0 c = m/s q 2.1 r q' F r = 0 µ 0 = 4π 10 7 N/A 2 k = 1/(4πε 0 qq 49 2 I II 2.1 3 e e = 1.602 10 19 A s (2.1 50 2 I SI MKSA 2.1.1 r q r q F F = 1 qq 4πε 0 r r 2 r r r r (2.2 ε 0 = 1 c 2 µ 0 c = 3 10 8 m/s q 2.1 r q' F r = 0 µ 0 = 4π 10 7 N/A 2 k = 1/(4πε 0 qq F = k r

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No δs δs = r + δr r = δr (3) δs δs = r r = δr + u(r + δr, t) u(r, t) (4) δr = (δx, δy, δz) u i (r + δr, t) u i (r, t) = u i x j δx j (5) δs 2

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