Hz

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Hz"

Transcription

1 ( )

2 Hz

3 FM i

4 39 40 ii

5 E F A A B B C D D (A) p1-m (A) p1-m2 (2) iii

6 4.21 (B) p1-m (C) p1-m (D) p1-m (1) p1-m (2) p1-m (3) p1-m iv

7 1 1.1 [2 4] FFT [1] ?? 5 6 1

8 [5] required tone air Player flow buzzing Lip Instrument tone reflected wave 2.1: 2

9 (a) (b) 2.2: (a): (b): 2.2 [5] 2.2(a) 2.2(b) [6] 1 ) [2 4] 3

10 a -x0 x 2.3: [5] [7, 8] 2.3 x a a = b(x + x 0 ) γ (2.1) γ b x 0 4

11 f n f n c 4(l + x 0 ) { (2n 1) + β } γ(γ + 1) (2.2) [9] c l β γ < γ > γ = 1 f n nc 2(l + x 0 ) γ γ 0.7 [10] [10,11] (0.7,2,3,4,...) f 0 [5] (2.3) n 2 n/12 [12]

12 n b n (n = 1,2,3) b n = 2 n 12 1 (2.4) b (2.5) b (2.6) b (2.7) 5 4 ˆb 4 b 1 + b < ˆb (2.8) 6 7 b 2 + b < ˆb (2.9) b 1 + b 2 + b < ˆb (2.10) b b (2.11) b (2.12) b 3 = ˆb 4 b (2.13) (2.14) 4 : b 1 + b (2.15) 5 : b 1 + b 3 = ˆb (2.16) 6 : b 2 + b (2.17) 7 : b 1 + b 2 + b (2.18) 6

13 2.1: 1 0 position piston piston piston b / : 2 2 / : 3 / : 3 on/off p1-m r R Keefe Benade [13] B = r/r Z 0 = ρc/πr 2 δz ( ) 1 δz 2I 2 = 1 (2.19) Z 0 πb π ( ) Bcosθ I = cosθ ln dθ (2.20) 0 1 Bcosθ 7

14 2.4: p m p1-m

15 ( 2.5: 2.6: [5] 2.7 V C = V ρc 2 (2.21)!" #$ % & '! 2.7: 0 9

16 ρ c l c S c R Z IN L = ρl c S c (2.22) Z IN = R + Z p + jωl 1 ω 2 LC + jωc(r + Z p ) (2.23) Z p ω 0 = 1 LC (2.24) Z p ω 0 Z p (2.23) 10

17 3 3.1 [5, 14] [15] 3 [1] 11

18 3.1: 3.2: 12

19 wave hanning window FFT log10 20log 10 IFFT power spectrum cepstrum Peak Picking peak profile FFT cepstrum window spectrum envelope 3.3: 13

20 3.2 p m f pm [Hz] f pm = ma 4 2 p (3.1) A 4 A 4 = 440 Hz f pm F s = 48 khz 2 12 f f = F s 11.7Hz (3.2) 212 [1] N f A P 0 x(i) = Ae 2π j(p 0+i f /F s ) = Ae 2π j(p 0+i f /N) (i = 0,1,2,...,N 1) (3.3) ( f = N f F s ) (3.4) f ( ) 2πi w(i) = 1 cos N G(k) G(k) = (3.5) N 1{ w(i)x(i)e 2π jik/n} (3.6) i=0 cos(t) = (e jt + e jt )/2 w(i) = Ae 2π jp 0 N 1{ e 2π j( f k)/n 1 i=0 2 e2π j( f k+1)/n 1 } 2 e2π j( f k 1)/N (3.7) 14

21 a 1 N 1 a i = an 1 i=0 a 1 (3.8) e jt 1 = 2 j sin 1 2 e jt/2 (3.9) G(k) = Ae 2π jp 0 sin π( f k 1) N cos π( f k) N sin π( f k) N sin 2 π N sin π( f k+1) N G(k) k k max k max 1 2 f k max sinπ( f k))e π j( f k) 3.10 G(k max 1) G(k max ) r r = G(k max 1) G(k max ) cos π( f k max +1) = cos π( f k max ) N sin π( f k max 1) N N sin π( f k max +2) N (3.10) (3.11) (3.12) N θ 1 (3.13) cosθ 1 (3.14) sinθ θ (3.15) 3.12 π( f k max 1 N r π( f k max +2 N = f k max 1 f k max + 2 f = k max + 1 2r ( 1 + r f = k max + 1 2r ) Fs 1 + r N (3.16) (3.17) (3.18) 15

22 s = G(k max 1) G(k max ) (3.19) f = k max 1 2s 1 + s ( f = k max 1 2s ) Fs 1 + s N (3.20) (3.21) r s G(k max ±1) f 3.10 A = G(kmax ) N π( f k max) sinπ( f k max ) ( f k max 1)( f k max + 1) (3.22) 16

23 m cm 48 khz DAT 4.1 (A) (1) (A1) (A1) : (a) (b) A YTR-8335UGR 1 17D(inner gold) B V. Bach 180ML 2 1A C YTR-8335HS 3 Schilke 8A4 D YTR-800GS

24 A1 A2 A3 B1 B2 B3 C1 C2 C3 D1 D2 D3 4.2: A1 A2 A3 B1 B1 C1 C1 C1 C1 C1 D1 D1 18

25 Player Trumpet 0.9m Mic DAT 4.1: 1 1 khz 0.6 khz 2 19

26 4.2: 1 4.3: 2 20

27 4.4: 3 4.5: 4 21

28 4.6: 5 4.7: 6 22

29 4.8: 7 4.9: 2 23

30 (A1) E 4 F 4 A 4 D 5 24

31 4.10: p2-m3 p7-m4(e 4 ) 4.11: p1-m3 p6-m4(f 4 ) 25

32 4.12: p3-m4 p7-m5(a 4 ) 4.13: p2-m4 p6-m5(a 4 ) 26

33 4.14: p1-m4 p5-m5(b 4 ) 4.15: p4-m5 p7-m6(b 4 ) 27

34 4.16: p3-m5 p6-m6(c 5 ) 4.17: p2-m5 p5-m6(d 5 ) 28

35 4.18: p1-m5 p4-m6(d 5 ) p1-m (A) p1-m2 (A1) (A1) (1) (C) (C) (D) 29

36 4.19: (A) p1-m2 4.20: (A) p1-m2 30

37 4.21: (B) p1-m2 4.22: (C) p1-m2 31

38 4.23: (D) p1-m p1-m5 (1) (2) (3) (3) (3) 32

39 4.24: (1) p1-m5 4.25: (2) p1-m5 33

40 4.26: (3) p1-m5 34

41 5 FM (A1) p1-m6 5.1 FFT (A1) p1-m ms 1/0.1 = 10 Hz 7Hz [16] 35

42 5.1: (A1) p1-m6 5.2: (A1) p1-m6 36

43 Hz 37

44 6.2 38

45 OB 39

46 [1],. FFT., J70-A, 5 pp , [2],,,.. 16, pp , [3] Kaneko, Y., Mizuhara, S., Mizutani, K., and Nagai, K. Artificial Lips for Automatic Trombone Blower. Proceedings of The First Asian Pacific Conference on Biomechanics Sponsored by The Japan Society of Mechanical Engineering, T , pp , [4],,,.., MA , pp , [5] Fletcher, N.H., and Rossing, T.D. The Physics of Musical Instruments. Springer-Verlag New York, [6] Yoshikawa, S. Acoustical Behavior of Brass Player s Lips. Journal of Acoustic Society of America, 97, pp , [7] Benade, A.H. On Woodwind Instrument Bores. Journal of Acoustic Society of America, 31, pp , [8] Benade, A.H., and Jansson, E.V. On Plane and Spherical Waves in Horns with Nonuniform Flare. Acustica, 31, pp , [9] Benade, A.H. Fundamentals of Musical Acoustics. Oxford University Press, New York, [10] Young, F.J. The Natural Frequencies of Musical Horns. Acustica, 10, pp , [11] Pyle, R.W. Effective Length of Horns. Acustica, 57, pp , [12] Smithers, D., Wogram, K., and Bowsher, J. Playing the Baroque Trumpet. Scientific American, 254(4), pp , [13] Keefe, D.H., and Benade, A.H. Wave Propagetion in strongly curved ducts. Journal of Acoustic Society of America, 74, pp ,

47 [14].., [15],.., [16]. FM AM pp

「産業上利用することができる発明」の審査の運用指針(案)

「産業上利用することができる発明」の審査の運用指針(案) 1 1.... 2 1.1... 2 2.... 4 2.1... 4 3.... 6 4.... 6 1 1 29 1 29 1 1 1. 2 1 1.1 (1) (2) (3) 1 (4) 2 4 1 2 2 3 4 31 12 5 7 2.2 (5) ( a ) ( b ) 1 3 2 ( c ) (6) 2. 2.1 2.1 (1) 4 ( i ) ( ii ) ( iii ) ( iv)

More information

Part () () Γ Part ,

Part () () Γ Part , Contents a 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 7 7. 8.. 8.. 8.3. 8 Part. 9. 9.. 9.. 3. 3.. 3.. 3 4. 5 4.. 5 4.. 9 4.3. 3 Part. 6 5. () 6 5.. () 7 5.. 9 5.3. Γ 3 6. 3 6.. 3 6.. 3 6.3. 33 Part 3. 34 7. 34 7.. 34 7.. 34 8. 35

More information

64 3 g=9.85 m/s 2 g=9.791 m/s 2 36, km ( ) 1 () 2 () m/s : : a) b) kg/m kg/m k

64 3 g=9.85 m/s 2 g=9.791 m/s 2 36, km ( ) 1 () 2 () m/s : : a) b) kg/m kg/m k 63 3 Section 3.1 g 3.1 3.1: : 64 3 g=9.85 m/s 2 g=9.791 m/s 2 36, km ( ) 1 () 2 () 3 9.8 m/s 2 3.2 3.2: : a) b) 5 15 4 1 1. 1 3 14. 1 3 kg/m 3 2 3.3 1 3 5.8 1 3 kg/m 3 3 2.65 1 3 kg/m 3 4 6 m 3.1. 65 5

More information

main.dvi

main.dvi 6 FIR FIR FIR FIR 6.1 FIR 6.1.1 H(e jω ) H(e jω )= H(e jω ) e jθ(ω) = H(e jω ) (cos θ(ω)+jsin θ(ω)) (6.1) H(e jω ) θ(ω) θ(ω) = KωT, K > 0 (6.2) 6.1.2 6.1 6.1 FIR 123 6.1 H(e jω 1, ω

More information

85 4

85 4 85 4 86 Copright c 005 Kumanekosha 4.1 ( ) ( t ) t, t 4.1.1 t Step! (Step 1) (, 0) (Step ) ±V t (, t) I Check! P P V t π 54 t = 0 + V (, t) π θ : = θ : π ) θ = π ± sin ± cos t = 0 (, 0) = sin π V + t +V

More information

II Karel Švadlenka * [1] 1.1* 5 23 m d2 x dt 2 = cdx kx + mg dt. c, g, k, m 1.2* u = au + bv v = cu + dv v u a, b, c, d R

II Karel Švadlenka * [1] 1.1* 5 23 m d2 x dt 2 = cdx kx + mg dt. c, g, k, m 1.2* u = au + bv v = cu + dv v u a, b, c, d R II Karel Švadlenka 2018 5 26 * [1] 1.1* 5 23 m d2 x dt 2 = cdx kx + mg dt. c, g, k, m 1.2* 5 23 1 u = au + bv v = cu + dv v u a, b, c, d R 1.3 14 14 60% 1.4 5 23 a, b R a 2 4b < 0 λ 2 + aλ + b = 0 λ =

More information

AC Modeling and Control of AC Motors Seiji Kondo, Member 1. q q (1) PM (a) N d q Dept. of E&E, Nagaoka Unive

AC Modeling and Control of AC Motors Seiji Kondo, Member 1. q q (1) PM (a) N d q Dept. of E&E, Nagaoka Unive AC Moeling an Control of AC Motors Seiji Kono, Member 1. (1) PM 33 54 64. 1 11 1(a) N 94 188 163 1 Dept. of E&E, Nagaoka University of Technology 163 1, Kamitomioka-cho, Nagaoka, Niigata 94 188 (a) 巻数

More information

4‐E ) キュリー温度を利用した消磁:熱消磁

4‐E ) キュリー温度を利用した消磁:熱消磁 ( ) () x C x = T T c T T c 4D ) ) Fe Ni Fe Fe Ni (Fe Fe Fe Fe Fe 462 Fe76 Ni36 4E ) ) (Fe) 463 4F ) ) ( ) Fe HeNe 17 Fe Fe Fe HeNe 464 Ni Ni Ni HeNe 465 466 (2) Al PtO 2 (liq) 467 4G ) Al 468 Al ( 468

More information

春期講座 ~ 極限 1 1, 1 2, 1 3, 1 4,, 1 n, n n {a n } n a n α {a n } α {a n } α lim n an = α n a n α α {a n } {a n } {a n } 1. a n = 2 n {a n } 2, 4, 8, 16,

春期講座 ~ 極限 1 1, 1 2, 1 3, 1 4,, 1 n, n n {a n } n a n α {a n } α {a n } α lim n an = α n a n α α {a n } {a n } {a n } 1. a n = 2 n {a n } 2, 4, 8, 16, 春期講座 ~ 極限 1 1, 1 2, 1 3, 1 4,, 1 n, n n {a n } n a n α {a n } α {a n } α lim an = α n a n α α {a n } {a n } {a n } 1. a n = 2 n {a n } 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, n a n {a n } {a n } 2. a n = 10n + 1 {a n } lim an

More information

[ ] 0.1 lim x 0 e 3x 1 x IC ( 11) ( s114901) 0.2 (1) y = e 2x (x 2 + 1) (2) y = x/(x 2 + 1) 0.3 dx (1) 1 4x 2 (2) e x sin 2xdx (3) sin 2 xdx ( 11) ( s

[ ] 0.1 lim x 0 e 3x 1 x IC ( 11) ( s114901) 0.2 (1) y = e 2x (x 2 + 1) (2) y = x/(x 2 + 1) 0.3 dx (1) 1 4x 2 (2) e x sin 2xdx (3) sin 2 xdx ( 11) ( s [ ]. lim e 3 IC ) s49). y = e + ) ) y = / + ).3 d 4 ) e sin d 3) sin d ) s49) s493).4 z = y z z y s494).5 + y = 4 =.6 s495) dy = 3e ) d dy d = y s496).7 lim ) lim e s49).8 y = e sin ) y = sin e 3) y =

More information

4. ϵ(ν, T ) = c 4 u(ν, T ) ϵ(ν, T ) T ν π4 Planck dx = 0 e x 1 15 U(T ) x 3 U(T ) = σt 4 Stefan-Boltzmann σ 2π5 k 4 15c 2 h 3 = W m 2 K 4 5.

4. ϵ(ν, T ) = c 4 u(ν, T ) ϵ(ν, T ) T ν π4 Planck dx = 0 e x 1 15 U(T ) x 3 U(T ) = σt 4 Stefan-Boltzmann σ 2π5 k 4 15c 2 h 3 = W m 2 K 4 5. A 1. Boltzmann Planck u(ν, T )dν = 8πh ν 3 c 3 kt 1 dν h 6.63 10 34 J s Planck k 1.38 10 23 J K 1 Boltzmann u(ν, T ) T ν e hν c = 3 10 8 m s 1 2. Planck λ = c/ν Rayleigh-Jeans u(ν, T )dν = 8πν2 kt dν c

More information

高等学校学習指導要領解説 数学編

高等学校学習指導要領解説 数学編 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 5 1 1 10 1 1 2 4 16 15 18 18 18 19 19 20 19 19 20 1 20 2 22 25 3 23 4 24 5 26 28 28 30 28 28 1 28 2 30 3 31 35 4 33 5 34 36 36 36 40 36 1 36 2 39 3 41 4 42 45 45 45 46 5 1 46 2 48 3

More information

() n C + n C + n C + + n C n n (3) n C + n C + n C 4 + n C + n C 3 + n C 5 + (5) (6 ) n C + nc + 3 nc n nc n (7 ) n C + nc + 3 nc n nc n (

() n C + n C + n C + + n C n n (3) n C + n C + n C 4 + n C + n C 3 + n C 5 + (5) (6 ) n C + nc + 3 nc n nc n (7 ) n C + nc + 3 nc n nc n ( 3 n nc k+ k + 3 () n C r n C n r nc r C r + C r ( r n ) () n C + n C + n C + + n C n n (3) n C + n C + n C 4 + n C + n C 3 + n C 5 + (4) n C n n C + n C + n C + + n C n (5) k k n C k n C k (6) n C + nc

More information

( ) 2002 1 1 1 1.1....................................... 1 1.1.1................................. 1 1.1.2................................. 1 1.1.3................... 3 1.1.4......................................

More information

Gmech08.dvi

Gmech08.dvi 51 5 5.1 5.1.1 P r P z θ P P P z e r e, z ) r, θ, ) 5.1 z r e θ,, z r, θ, = r sin θ cos = r sin θ sin 5.1) e θ e z = r cos θ r, θ, 5.1: 0 r

More information

II ( ) (7/31) II ( [ (3.4)] Navier Stokes [ (6/29)] Navier Stokes 3 [ (6/19)] Re

II ( ) (7/31) II (  [ (3.4)] Navier Stokes [ (6/29)] Navier Stokes 3 [ (6/19)] Re II 29 7 29-7-27 ( ) (7/31) II (http://www.damp.tottori-u.ac.jp/~ooshida/edu/fluid/) [ (3.4)] Navier Stokes [ (6/29)] Navier Stokes 3 [ (6/19)] Reynolds [ (4.6), (45.8)] [ p.186] Navier Stokes I Euler Navier

More information

ma22-9 u ( v w) = u v w sin θê = v w sin θ u cos φ = = 2.3 ( a b) ( c d) = ( a c)( b d) ( a d)( b c) ( a b) ( c d) = (a 2 b 3 a 3 b 2 )(c 2 d 3 c 3 d

ma22-9 u ( v w) = u v w sin θê = v w sin θ u cos φ = = 2.3 ( a b) ( c d) = ( a c)( b d) ( a d)( b c) ( a b) ( c d) = (a 2 b 3 a 3 b 2 )(c 2 d 3 c 3 d A 2. x F (t) =f sin ωt x(0) = ẋ(0) = 0 ω θ sin θ θ 3! θ3 v = f mω cos ωt x = f mω (t sin ωt) ω t 0 = f ( cos ωt) mω x ma2-2 t ω x f (t mω ω (ωt ) 6 (ωt)3 = f 6m ωt3 2.2 u ( v w) = v ( w u) = w ( u v) ma22-9

More information

さくらの個別指導 ( さくら教育研究所 ) A a 1 a 2 a 3 a n {a n } a 1 a n n n 1 n n 0 a n = 1 n 1 n n O n {a n } n a n α {a n } α {a

さくらの個別指導 ( さくら教育研究所 ) A a 1 a 2 a 3 a n {a n } a 1 a n n n 1 n n 0 a n = 1 n 1 n n O n {a n } n a n α {a n } α {a ... A a a a 3 a n {a n } a a n n 3 n n n 0 a n = n n n O 3 4 5 6 n {a n } n a n α {a n } α {a n } α α {a n } a n n a n α a n = α n n 0 n = 0 3 4. ()..0.00 + (0.) n () 0. 0.0 0.00 ( 0.) n 0 0 c c c c c

More information

最新耐震構造解析 ( 第 3 版 ) サンプルページ この本の定価 判型などは, 以下の URL からご覧いただけます. このサンプルページの内容は, 第 3 版 1 刷発行時のものです.

最新耐震構造解析 ( 第 3 版 ) サンプルページ この本の定価 判型などは, 以下の URL からご覧いただけます.   このサンプルページの内容は, 第 3 版 1 刷発行時のものです. 最新耐震構造解析 ( 第 3 版 ) サンプルページ この本の定価 判型などは, 以下の URL からご覧いただけます. http://www.morikita.co.jp/books/mid/052093 このサンプルページの内容は, 第 3 版 1 刷発行時のものです. i 3 10 3 2000 2007 26 8 2 SI SI 20 1996 2000 SI 15 3 ii 1 56 6

More information

05Mar2001_tune.dvi

05Mar2001_tune.dvi 2001 3 5 COD 1 1.1 u d2 u + ku =0 (1) dt2 u = a exp(pt) (2) p = ± k (3) k>0k = ω 2 exp(±iωt) (4) k

More information

Q & A Q A p

Q & A Q A p Q & A 2004.12 1 Q1. 12 2 A1. 11 3 p.1 1.1 2 Q2. A2. < > [ ] 10 5 15 (p.138) (p.150) (p.176) (p.167 ) 3 1. 4 1.6 1.6.1 (2) (p.6) Q3. 5 1 1:1.0 12 2 1:0.6 1:1.0 1:1.0 1:0.6 1:0.6 1:0.6 1:1.0 1:0.6 ( ) 1:1.0

More information

128 3 II S 1, S 2 Φ 1, Φ 2 Φ 1 = { B( r) n( r)}ds S 1 Φ 2 = { B( r) n( r)}ds (3.3) S 2 S S 1 +S 2 { B( r) n( r)}ds = 0 (3.4) S 1, S 2 { B( r) n( r)}ds

128 3 II S 1, S 2 Φ 1, Φ 2 Φ 1 = { B( r) n( r)}ds S 1 Φ 2 = { B( r) n( r)}ds (3.3) S 2 S S 1 +S 2 { B( r) n( r)}ds = 0 (3.4) S 1, S 2 { B( r) n( r)}ds 127 3 II 3.1 3.1.1 Φ(t) ϕ em = dφ dt (3.1) B( r) Φ = { B( r) n( r)}ds (3.2) S S n( r) Φ 128 3 II S 1, S 2 Φ 1, Φ 2 Φ 1 = { B( r) n( r)}ds S 1 Φ 2 = { B( r) n( r)}ds (3.3) S 2 S S 1 +S 2 { B( r) n( r)}ds

More information

ii 3.,. 4. F. ( ), ,,. 8.,. 1. (75% ) (25% ) =7 24, =7 25, =7 26 (. ). 1.,, ( ). 3.,...,.,.,.,.,. ( ) (1 2 )., ( ), 0., 1., 0,.

ii 3.,. 4. F. ( ), ,,. 8.,. 1. (75% ) (25% ) =7 24, =7 25, =7 26 (. ). 1.,, ( ). 3.,...,.,.,.,.,. ( ) (1 2 )., ( ), 0., 1., 0,. (1 C205) 4 10 (2 C206) 4 11 (2 B202) 4 12 25(2013) http://www.math.is.tohoku.ac.jp/~obata,.,,,..,,. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 1., 2007 ( ).,. 2. P. G., 1995. 3. J. C., 1988. 1... 2.,,. ii 3.,. 4. F. ( ),..

More information

keisoku01.dvi

keisoku01.dvi 2.,, Mon, 2006, 401, SAGA, JAPAN Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, Saga Univ., JAPAN 4 Mon, 2006, 401, SAGA, JAPAN Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, Saga Univ., JAPAN 5 Mon, 2006, 401, SAGA, JAPAN Dept.

More information

空気の屈折率変調を光学的に検出する超指向性マイクロホン

空気の屈折率変調を光学的に検出する超指向性マイクロホン 23 2 1M36268 2 2 4 5 6 7 8 13 15 2 21 2 23 2 2 3 32 34 38 38 54 57 62 63 1-1 ( 1) ( 2) 1-1 a ( sinθ ) 2J D ( θ ) = 1 (1-1) kaka sinθ ( 3) 1-2 1 Back face hole Amplifier Diaphragm Equiphase wave surface

More information

50 2 I SI MKSA r q r q F F = 1 qq 4πε 0 r r 2 r r r r (2.2 ε 0 = 1 c 2 µ 0 c = m/s q 2.1 r q' F r = 0 µ 0 = 4π 10 7 N/A 2 k = 1/(4πε 0 qq

50 2 I SI MKSA r q r q F F = 1 qq 4πε 0 r r 2 r r r r (2.2 ε 0 = 1 c 2 µ 0 c = m/s q 2.1 r q' F r = 0 µ 0 = 4π 10 7 N/A 2 k = 1/(4πε 0 qq 49 2 I II 2.1 3 e e = 1.602 10 19 A s (2.1 50 2 I SI MKSA 2.1.1 r q r q F F = 1 qq 4πε 0 r r 2 r r r r (2.2 ε 0 = 1 c 2 µ 0 c = 3 10 8 m/s q 2.1 r q' F r = 0 µ 0 = 4π 10 7 N/A 2 k = 1/(4πε 0 qq F = k r

More information

r d 2r d l d (a) (b) (c) 1: I(x,t) I(x+ x,t) I(0,t) I(l,t) V in V(x,t) V(x+ x,t) V(0,t) l V(l,t) 2: 0 x x+ x 3: V in 3 V in x V (x, t) I(x, t

r d 2r d l d (a) (b) (c) 1: I(x,t) I(x+ x,t) I(0,t) I(l,t) V in V(x,t) V(x+ x,t) V(0,t) l V(l,t) 2: 0 x x+ x 3: V in 3 V in x V (x, t) I(x, t 1 1 2 2 2r d 2r d l d (a) (b) (c) 1: I(x,t) I(x+ x,t) I(0,t) I(l,t) V in V(x,t) V(x+ x,t) V(0,t) l V(l,t) 2: 0 x x+ x 3: V in 3 V in x V (x, t) I(x, t) V (x, t) I(x, t) V in x t 3 4 1 L R 2 C G L 0 R 0

More information

function2.pdf

function2.pdf 2... 1 2009, http://c-faculty.chuo-u.ac.jp/ nishioka/ 2 11 38 : 5) i) [], : 84 85 86 87 88 89 1000 ) 13 22 33 56 92 147 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 1 2 3 4 5 7.1 7 7.1 1. *1 e = 2.7182 ) fx) e x, x R : 7.1)

More information

1. 2 P 2 (x, y) 2 x y (0, 0) R 2 = {(x, y) x, y R} x, y R P = (x, y) O = (0, 0) OP ( ) OP x x, y y ( ) x v = y ( ) x 2 1 v = P = (x, y) y ( x y ) 2 (x

1. 2 P 2 (x, y) 2 x y (0, 0) R 2 = {(x, y) x, y R} x, y R P = (x, y) O = (0, 0) OP ( ) OP x x, y y ( ) x v = y ( ) x 2 1 v = P = (x, y) y ( x y ) 2 (x . P (, (0, 0 R {(,, R}, R P (, O (0, 0 OP OP, v v P (, ( (, (, { R, R} v (, (, (,, z 3 w z R 3,, z R z n R n.,..., n R n n w, t w ( z z Ke Words:. A P 3 0 B P 0 a. A P b B P 3. A π/90 B a + b c π/ 3. +

More information

N cos s s cos ψ e e e e 3 3 e e 3 e 3 e

N cos s s cos ψ e e e e 3 3 e e 3 e 3 e 3 3 5 5 5 3 3 7 5 33 5 33 9 5 8 > e > f U f U u u > u ue u e u ue u ue u e u e u u e u u e u N cos s s cos ψ e e e e 3 3 e e 3 e 3 e 3 > A A > A E A f A A f A [ ] f A A e > > A e[ ] > f A E A < < f ; >

More information

: α α α f B - 3: Barle 4: α, β, Θ, θ α β θ Θ

: α α α f B - 3: Barle 4: α, β, Θ, θ α β θ Θ 17 6 8.1 1: Bragg-Brenano x 1 Bragg-Brenano focal geomer 1 Bragg-Brenano α α 1 1 α < α < f B α 3 α α Barle 1. 4 α β θ 1 : α α α f B - 3: Barle 4: α, β, Θ, θ α β θ Θ Θ θ θ Θ α, β θ Θ 5 a, a, a, b, b, b

More information

c 2009 i

c 2009 i I 2009 c 2009 i 0 1 0.0................................... 1 0.1.............................. 3 0.2.............................. 5 1 7 1.1................................. 7 1.2..............................

More information

ii p ϕ x, t = C ϕ xe i ħ E t +C ϕ xe i ħ E t ψ x,t ψ x,t p79 やは時間変化しないことに注意 振動 粒子はだいたい このあたりにいる 粒子はだいたい このあたりにいる p35 D.3 Aψ Cϕdx = aψ ψ C Aϕ dx

ii p ϕ x, t = C ϕ xe i ħ E t +C ϕ xe i ħ E t ψ x,t ψ x,t p79 やは時間変化しないことに注意 振動 粒子はだいたい このあたりにいる 粒子はだいたい このあたりにいる p35 D.3 Aψ Cϕdx = aψ ψ C Aϕ dx i B5 7.8. p89 4. ψ x, tψx, t = ψ R x, t iψ I x, t ψ R x, t + iψ I x, t = ψ R x, t + ψ I x, t p 5.8 π π π F e ix + F e ix + F 3 e 3ix F e ix + F e ix + F 3 e 3ix dx πψ x πψx p39 7. AX = X A [ a b c d x

More information

x () g(x) = f(t) dt f(x), F (x) 3x () g(x) g (x) f(x), F (x) (3) h(x) = x 3x tf(t) dt.9 = {(x, y) ; x, y, x + y } f(x, y) = xy( x y). h (x) f(x), F (x

x () g(x) = f(t) dt f(x), F (x) 3x () g(x) g (x) f(x), F (x) (3) h(x) = x 3x tf(t) dt.9 = {(x, y) ; x, y, x + y } f(x, y) = xy( x y). h (x) f(x), F (x [ ] IC. f(x) = e x () f(x) f (x) () lim f(x) lim f(x) x + x (3) lim f(x) lim f(x) x + x (4) y = f(x) ( ) ( s46). < a < () a () lim a log xdx a log xdx ( ) n (3) lim log k log n n n k=.3 z = log(x + y ),

More information

数学の基礎訓練I

数学の基礎訓練I I 9 6 13 1 1 1.1............... 1 1................ 1 1.3.................... 1.4............... 1.4.1.............. 1.4................. 3 1.4.3........... 3 1.4.4.. 3 1.5.......... 3 1.5.1..............

More information

(5 B m e i 2π T mt m m B m e i 2π T mt m m B m e i 2π T mt B m (m < 0 C m m (6 (7 (5 g(t C 0 + m C m e i 2π T mt (7 C m e i 2π T mt + m m C m e i 2π T

(5 B m e i 2π T mt m m B m e i 2π T mt m m B m e i 2π T mt B m (m < 0 C m m (6 (7 (5 g(t C 0 + m C m e i 2π T mt (7 C m e i 2π T mt + m m C m e i 2π T 2.6 FFT(Fast Fourier Transform 2.6. T g(t g(t 2 a 0 + { a m b m 2 T T 0 2 T T 0 (a m cos( 2π T mt + b m sin( 2π mt ( T m 2π g(t cos( T mtdt m 0,, 2,... 2π g(t sin( T mtdt m, 2, 3... (2 g(t T 0 < t < T

More information

I

I I 6 4 10 1 1 1.1............... 1 1................ 1 1.3.................... 1.4............... 1.4.1.............. 1.4................. 1.4.3........... 3 1.4.4.. 3 1.5.......... 3 1.5.1..............

More information

dynamics-solution2.dvi

dynamics-solution2.dvi 1 1. (1) a + b = i +3i + k () a b =5i 5j +3k (3) a b =1 (4) a b = 7i j +1k. a = 14 l =/ 14, m=1/ 14, n=3/ 14 3. 4. 5. df (t) d [a(t)e(t)] =ti +9t j +4k, = d a(t) d[a(t)e(t)] e(t)+ da(t) d f (t) =i +18tj

More information

1 I 1.1 ± e = = - = C C MKSA [m], [Kg] [s] [A] 1C 1A 1 MKSA 1C 1C +q q +q q 1

1 I 1.1 ± e = = - = C C MKSA [m], [Kg] [s] [A] 1C 1A 1 MKSA 1C 1C +q q +q q 1 1 I 1.1 ± e = = - =1.602 10 19 C C MKA [m], [Kg] [s] [A] 1C 1A 1 MKA 1C 1C +q q +q q 1 1.1 r 1,2 q 1, q 2 r 12 2 q 1, q 2 2 F 12 = k q 1q 2 r 12 2 (1.1) k 2 k 2 ( r 1 r 2 ) ( r 2 r 1 ) q 1 q 2 (q 1 q 2

More information

A (1) = 4 A( 1, 4) 1 A 4 () = tan A(0, 0) π A π

A (1) = 4 A( 1, 4) 1 A 4 () = tan A(0, 0) π A π 4 4.1 4.1.1 A = f() = f() = a f (a) = f() (a, f(a)) = f() (a, f(a)) f(a) = f 0 (a)( a) 4.1 (4, ) = f() = f () = 1 = f (4) = 1 4 4 (4, ) = 1 ( 4) 4 = 1 4 + 1 17 18 4 4.1 A (1) = 4 A( 1, 4) 1 A 4 () = tan

More information

44 4 I (1) ( ) (10 15 ) ( 17 ) ( 3 1 ) (2)

44 4 I (1) ( ) (10 15 ) ( 17 ) ( 3 1 ) (2) (1) I 44 II 45 III 47 IV 52 44 4 I (1) ( ) 1945 8 9 (10 15 ) ( 17 ) ( 3 1 ) (2) 45 II 1 (3) 511 ( 451 1 ) ( ) 365 1 2 512 1 2 365 1 2 363 2 ( ) 3 ( ) ( 451 2 ( 314 1 ) ( 339 1 4 ) 337 2 3 ) 363 (4) 46

More information

i ii i iii iv 1 3 3 10 14 17 17 18 22 23 28 29 31 36 37 39 40 43 48 59 70 75 75 77 90 95 102 107 109 110 118 125 128 130 132 134 48 43 43 51 52 61 61 64 62 124 70 58 3 10 17 29 78 82 85 102 95 109 iii

More information

ii 3.,. 4. F. (), ,,. 8.,. 1. (75%) (25%) =7 20, =7 21 (. ). 1.,, (). 3.,. 1. ().,.,.,.,.,. () (12 )., (), 0. 2., 1., 0,.

ii 3.,. 4. F. (), ,,. 8.,. 1. (75%) (25%) =7 20, =7 21 (. ). 1.,, (). 3.,. 1. ().,.,.,.,.,. () (12 )., (), 0. 2., 1., 0,. 24(2012) (1 C106) 4 11 (2 C206) 4 12 http://www.math.is.tohoku.ac.jp/~obata,.,,,.. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.,,. 1., 2007 (). 2. P. G. Hoel, 1995. 3... 1... 2.,,. ii 3.,. 4. F. (),.. 5... 6.. 7.,,. 8.,. 1. (75%)

More information

微分積分 サンプルページ この本の定価 判型などは, 以下の URL からご覧いただけます. このサンプルページの内容は, 初版 1 刷発行時のものです.

微分積分 サンプルページ この本の定価 判型などは, 以下の URL からご覧いただけます.   このサンプルページの内容は, 初版 1 刷発行時のものです. 微分積分 サンプルページ この本の定価 判型などは, 以下の URL からご覧いただけます. ttp://www.morikita.co.jp/books/mid/00571 このサンプルページの内容は, 初版 1 刷発行時のものです. i ii 014 10 iii [note] 1 3 iv 4 5 3 6 4 x 0 sin x x 1 5 6 z = f(x, y) 1 y = f(x)

More information

18 ( ) I II III A B C(100 ) 1, 2, 3, 5 I II A B (100 ) 1, 2, 3 I II A B (80 ) 6 8 I II III A B C(80 ) 1 n (1 + x) n (1) n C 1 + n C

18 ( ) I II III A B C(100 ) 1, 2, 3, 5 I II A B (100 ) 1, 2, 3 I II A B (80 ) 6 8 I II III A B C(80 ) 1 n (1 + x) n (1) n C 1 + n C 8 ( ) 8 5 4 I II III A B C( ),,, 5 I II A B ( ),, I II A B (8 ) 6 8 I II III A B C(8 ) n ( + x) n () n C + n C + + n C n = 7 n () 7 9 C : y = x x A(, 6) () A C () C P AP Q () () () 4 A(,, ) B(,, ) C(,,

More information

2000年度『数学展望 I』講義録

2000年度『数学展望 I』講義録 2000 I I IV I II 2000 I I IV I-IV. i ii 3.10 (http://www.math.nagoya-u.ac.jp/ kanai/) 2000 A....1 B....4 C....10 D....13 E....17 Brouwer A....21 B....26 C....33 D....39 E. Sperner...45 F....48 A....53

More information

untitled

untitled 9118 154 B-1 B-3 B- 5cm 3cm 5cm 3m18m5.4m.5m.66m1.3m 1.13m 1.134m 1.35m.665m 5 , 4 13 7 56 M 1586.1.18 7.77.9 599.5.8 7 1596.9.5 7.57.75 684.11.9 8.5 165..3 7.9 87.8.11 6.57. 166.6.16 7.57.6 856 6.6.5

More information

main.dvi

main.dvi SGC - 70 2, 3 23 ɛ-δ 2.12.8 3 2.92.13 4 2 3 1 2.1 2.102.12 [8][14] [1],[2] [4][7] 2 [4] 1 2009 8 1 1 1.1... 1 1.2... 4 1.3 1... 8 1.4 2... 9 1.5... 12 1.6 1... 16 1.7... 18 1.8... 21 1.9... 23 2 27 2.1

More information

1 (1997) (1997) 1974:Q3 1994:Q3 (i) (ii) ( ) ( ) 1 (iii) ( ( 1999 ) ( ) ( ) 1 ( ) ( 1995,pp ) 1

1 (1997) (1997) 1974:Q3 1994:Q3 (i) (ii) ( ) ( ) 1 (iii) ( ( 1999 ) ( ) ( ) 1 ( ) ( 1995,pp ) 1 1 (1997) (1997) 1974:Q3 1994:Q3 (i) (ii) ( ) ( ) 1 (iii) ( ( 1999 ) ( ) ( ) 1 ( ) ( 1995,pp.218 223 ) 1 2 ) (i) (ii) / (iii) ( ) (i ii) 1 2 1 ( ) 3 ( ) 2, 3 Dunning(1979) ( ) 1 2 ( ) ( ) ( ) (,p.218) (

More information

基礎数学I

基礎数学I I & II ii ii........... 22................. 25 12............... 28.................. 28.................... 31............. 32.................. 34 3 1 9.................... 1....................... 1............

More information

NETES No.CG V

NETES No.CG V 1 2006 6 NETES No.CG-050001-V 2007 5 2 1 2 1 19 5 1 2 19 8 2 i 1 1 1.1 1 1.2 2 1.3 2 2 3 2.1 3 2.2 8 3 9 3.1 9 3.2 10 3.3 13 3.3.1 13 3.3.2 14 3.3.3 14 3.3.4 16 3.3.5 17 3.3.6 18 3.3.7 21 3.3.8 22 3.4

More information

R = Ar l B r l. A, B A, B.. r 2 R r = r2 [lar r l B r l2 ]=larl l B r l.2 r 2 R = [lar l l Br ] r r r = ll Ar l ll B = ll R rl.3 sin θ Θ = ll.4 Θsinθ

R = Ar l B r l. A, B A, B.. r 2 R r = r2 [lar r l B r l2 ]=larl l B r l.2 r 2 R = [lar l l Br ] r r r = ll Ar l ll B = ll R rl.3 sin θ Θ = ll.4 Θsinθ .3.2 3.3.2 Spherical Coorinates.5: Laplace 2 V = r 2 r 2 x = r cos φ sin θ, y = r sin φ sin θ, z = r cos θ.93 r 2 sin θ sin θ θ θ r 2 sin 2 θ 2 V =.94 2.94 z V φ Laplace r 2 r 2 r 2 sin θ.96.95 V r 2 R

More information

19 σ = P/A o σ B Maximum tensile strength σ % 0.2% proof stress σ EL Elastic limit Work hardening coefficient failure necking σ PL Proportional

19 σ = P/A o σ B Maximum tensile strength σ % 0.2% proof stress σ EL Elastic limit Work hardening coefficient failure necking σ PL Proportional 19 σ = P/A o σ B Maximum tensile strength σ 0. 0.% 0.% proof stress σ EL Elastic limit Work hardening coefficient failure necking σ PL Proportional limit ε p = 0.% ε e = σ 0. /E plastic strain ε = ε e

More information

koji07-01.dvi

koji07-01.dvi 2007 I II III 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 5 10 19 (!) 1938 70 21? 1 1 2 1 2 2 1! 4, 5 1? 50 1 2 1 1 2 2 1?? 2 1 1, 2 1, 2 1, 2, 3,... 3 1, 2 1, 3? 2 1 3 1 2 1 1, 2 2, 3? 2 1 3 2 3 2 k,l m, n k,l m, n kn > ml...?

More information

PDF

PDF 1 1 1 1-1 1 1-9 1-3 1-1 13-17 -3 6-4 6 3 3-1 35 3-37 3-3 38 4 4-1 39 4- Fe C TEM 41 4-3 C TEM 44 4-4 Fe TEM 46 4-5 5 4-6 5 5 51 6 5 1 1-1 1991 1,1 multiwall nanotube 1993 singlewall nanotube ( 1,) sp 7.4eV

More information

2 G(k) e ikx = (ik) n x n n! n=0 (k ) ( ) X n = ( i) n n k n G(k) k=0 F (k) ln G(k) = ln e ikx n κ n F (k) = F (k) (ik) n n= n! κ n κ n = ( i) n n k n

2 G(k) e ikx = (ik) n x n n! n=0 (k ) ( ) X n = ( i) n n k n G(k) k=0 F (k) ln G(k) = ln e ikx n κ n F (k) = F (k) (ik) n n= n! κ n κ n = ( i) n n k n . X {x, x 2, x 3,... x n } X X {, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6} X x i P i. 0 P i 2. n P i = 3. P (i ω) = i ω P i P 3 {x, x 2, x 3,... x n } ω P i = 6 X f(x) f(x) X n n f(x i )P i n x n i P i X n 2 G(k) e ikx = (ik) n

More information

n 2 + π2 6 x [10 n x] x = lim n 10 n n 10 k x 1.1. a 1, a 2,, a n, (a n ) n=1 {a n } n=1 1.2 ( ). {a n } n=1 Q ε > 0 N N m, n N a m

n 2 + π2 6 x [10 n x] x = lim n 10 n n 10 k x 1.1. a 1, a 2,, a n, (a n ) n=1 {a n } n=1 1.2 ( ). {a n } n=1 Q ε > 0 N N m, n N a m 1 1 1 + 1 4 + + 1 n 2 + π2 6 x [10 n x] x = lim n 10 n n 10 k x 1.1. a 1, a 2,, a n, (a n ) n=1 {a n } n=1 1.2 ( ). {a n } n=1 Q ε > 0 N N m, n N a m a n < ε 1 1. ε = 10 1 N m, n N a m a n < ε = 10 1 N

More information

医系の統計入門第 2 版 サンプルページ この本の定価 判型などは, 以下の URL からご覧いただけます. このサンプルページの内容は, 第 2 版 1 刷発行時のものです.

医系の統計入門第 2 版 サンプルページ この本の定価 判型などは, 以下の URL からご覧いただけます.   このサンプルページの内容は, 第 2 版 1 刷発行時のものです. 医系の統計入門第 2 版 サンプルページ この本の定価 判型などは, 以下の URL からご覧いただけます. http://www.morikita.co.jp/books/mid/009192 このサンプルページの内容は, 第 2 版 1 刷発行時のものです. i 2 t 1. 2. 3 2 3. 6 4. 7 5. n 2 ν 6. 2 7. 2003 ii 2 2013 10 iii 1987

More information

1 (Berry,1975) 2-6 p (S πr 2 )p πr 2 p 2πRγ p p = 2γ R (2.5).1-1 : : : : ( ).2 α, β α, β () X S = X X α X β (.1) 1 2

1 (Berry,1975) 2-6 p (S πr 2 )p πr 2 p 2πRγ p p = 2γ R (2.5).1-1 : : : : ( ).2 α, β α, β () X S = X X α X β (.1) 1 2 2005 9/8-11 2 2.2 ( 2-5) γ ( ) γ cos θ 2πr πρhr 2 g h = 2γ cos θ ρgr (2.1) γ = ρgrh (2.2) 2 cos θ θ cos θ = 1 (2.2) γ = 1 ρgrh (2.) 2 2. p p ρgh p ( ) p p = p ρgh (2.) h p p = 2γ r 1 1 (Berry,1975) 2-6

More information

211 kotaro@math.titech.ac.jp 1 R *1 n n R n *2 R n = {(x 1,..., x n ) x 1,..., x n R}. R R 2 R 3 R n R n R n D D R n *3 ) (x 1,..., x n ) f(x 1,..., x n ) f D *4 n 2 n = 1 ( ) 1 f D R n f : D R 1.1. (x,

More information

x, y x 3 y xy 3 x 2 y + xy 2 x 3 + y 3 = x 3 y xy 3 x 2 y + xy 2 x 3 + y 3 = 15 xy (x y) (x + y) xy (x y) (x y) ( x 2 + xy + y 2) = 15 (x y)

x, y x 3 y xy 3 x 2 y + xy 2 x 3 + y 3 = x 3 y xy 3 x 2 y + xy 2 x 3 + y 3 = 15 xy (x y) (x + y) xy (x y) (x y) ( x 2 + xy + y 2) = 15 (x y) x, y x 3 y xy 3 x 2 y + xy 2 x 3 + y 3 = 15 1 1977 x 3 y xy 3 x 2 y + xy 2 x 3 + y 3 = 15 xy (x y) (x + y) xy (x y) (x y) ( x 2 + xy + y 2) = 15 (x y) ( x 2 y + xy 2 x 2 2xy y 2) = 15 (x y) (x + y) (xy

More information

A = A x x + A y y + A, B = B x x + B y y + B, C = C x x + C y y + C..6 x y A B C = A x x + A y y + A B x B y B C x C y C { B = A x x + A y y + A y B B

A = A x x + A y y + A, B = B x x + B y y + B, C = C x x + C y y + C..6 x y A B C = A x x + A y y + A B x B y B C x C y C { B = A x x + A y y + A y B B 9 7 A = A x x + A y y + A, B = B x x + B y y + B, C = C x x + C y y + C..6 x y A B C = A x x + A y y + A B x B y B C x C y C { B = A x x + A y y + A y B B x x B } B C y C y + x B y C x C C x C y B = A

More information

http://www.ike-dyn.ritsumei.ac.jp/ hyoo/wave.html 1 1, 5 3 1.1 1..................................... 3 1.2 5.1................................... 4 1.3.......................... 5 1.4 5.2, 5.3....................

More information

1 12 ( )150 ( ( ) ) x M x 0 1 M 2 5x 2 + 4x + 3 x 2 1 M x M 2 1 M x (x + 1) 2 (1) x 2 + x + 1 M (2) 1 3 M (3) x 4 +

1 12 ( )150 ( ( ) ) x M x 0 1 M 2 5x 2 + 4x + 3 x 2 1 M x M 2 1 M x (x + 1) 2 (1) x 2 + x + 1 M (2) 1 3 M (3) x 4 + ( )5 ( ( ) ) 4 6 7 9 M M 5 + 4 + M + M M + ( + ) () + + M () M () 4 + + M a b y = a + b a > () a b () y V a () V a b V n f() = n k= k k () < f() = log( ) t dt log () n+ (i) dt t (n + ) (ii) < t dt n+ n

More information

, 1 ( f n (x))dx d dx ( f n (x)) 1 f n (x)dx d dx f n(x) lim f n (x) = [, 1] x f n (x) = n x x 1 f n (x) = x f n (x) = x 1 x n n f n(x) = [, 1] f n (x

, 1 ( f n (x))dx d dx ( f n (x)) 1 f n (x)dx d dx f n(x) lim f n (x) = [, 1] x f n (x) = n x x 1 f n (x) = x f n (x) = x 1 x n n f n(x) = [, 1] f n (x 1 1.1 4n 2 x, x 1 2n f n (x) = 4n 2 ( 1 x), 1 x 1 n 2n n, 1 x n n 1 1 f n (x)dx = 1, n = 1, 2,.. 1 lim 1 lim 1 f n (x)dx = 1 lim f n(x) = ( lim f n (x))dx = f n (x)dx 1 ( lim f n (x))dx d dx ( lim f d

More information

( ; ) C. H. Scholz, The Mechanics of Earthquakes and Faulting : - ( ) σ = σ t sin 2π(r a) λ dσ d(r a) =

( ; ) C. H. Scholz, The Mechanics of Earthquakes and Faulting : - ( ) σ = σ t sin 2π(r a) λ dσ d(r a) = 1 9 8 1 1 1 ; 1 11 16 C. H. Scholz, The Mechanics of Earthquakes and Faulting 1. 1.1 1.1.1 : - σ = σ t sin πr a λ dσ dr a = E a = π λ σ πr a t cos λ 1 r a/λ 1 cos 1 E: σ t = Eλ πa a λ E/π γ : λ/ 3 γ =

More information

液晶の物理1:連続体理論(弾性,粘性)

液晶の物理1:連続体理論(弾性,粘性) The Physics of Liquid Crystals P. G. de Gennes and J. Prost (Oxford University Press, 1993) Liquid crystals are beautiful and mysterious; I am fond of them for both reasons. My hope is that some readers

More information

ii 3.,. 4. F. (), ,,. 8.,. 1. (75% ) (25% ) =9 7, =9 8 (. ). 1.,, (). 3.,. 1. ( ).,.,.,.,.,. ( ) (1 2 )., ( ), 0. 2., 1., 0,.

ii 3.,. 4. F. (), ,,. 8.,. 1. (75% ) (25% ) =9 7, =9 8 (. ). 1.,, (). 3.,. 1. ( ).,.,.,.,.,. ( ) (1 2 )., ( ), 0. 2., 1., 0,. 23(2011) (1 C104) 5 11 (2 C206) 5 12 http://www.math.is.tohoku.ac.jp/~obata,.,,,.. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.,,. 1., 2007 ( ). 2. P. G. Hoel, 1995. 3... 1... 2.,,. ii 3.,. 4. F. (),.. 5.. 6.. 7.,,. 8.,. 1. (75%

More information

i 18 2H 2 + O 2 2H 2 + ( ) 3K

i 18 2H 2 + O 2 2H 2 + ( ) 3K i 18 2H 2 + O 2 2H 2 + ( ) 3K ii 1 1 1.1.................................. 1 1.2........................................ 3 1.3......................................... 3 1.4....................................

More information

1 1.1 Excel Excel Excel log 1, log 2, log 3,, log 10 e = ln 10 log cm 1mm 1 10 =0.1mm = f(x) f(x) = n

1 1.1 Excel Excel Excel log 1, log 2, log 3,, log 10 e = ln 10 log cm 1mm 1 10 =0.1mm = f(x) f(x) = n 1 1.1 Excel Excel Excel log 1, log, log,, log e.7188188 ln log 1. 5cm 1mm 1 0.1mm 0.1 4 4 1 4.1 fx) fx) n0 f n) 0) x n n! n + 1 R n+1 x) fx) f0) + f 0) 1! x + f 0)! x + + f n) 0) x n + R n+1 x) n! 1 .

More information

1.2 y + P (x)y + Q(x)y = 0 (1) y 1 (x), y 2 (x) y 1 (x), y 2 (x) (1) y(x) c 1, c 2 y(x) = c 1 y 1 (x) + c 2 y 2 (x) 3 y 1 (x) y 1 (x) e R P (x)dx y 2

1.2 y + P (x)y + Q(x)y = 0 (1) y 1 (x), y 2 (x) y 1 (x), y 2 (x) (1) y(x) c 1, c 2 y(x) = c 1 y 1 (x) + c 2 y 2 (x) 3 y 1 (x) y 1 (x) e R P (x)dx y 2 1 1.1 R(x) = 0 y + P (x)y + Q(x)y = R(x)...(1) y + P (x)y + Q(x)y = 0...(2) 1 2 u(x) v(x) c 1 u(x)+ c 2 v(x) = 0 c 1 = c 2 = 0 c 1 = c 2 = 0 2 0 2 u(x) v(x) u(x) u (x) W (u, v)(x) = v(x) v (x) 0 1 1.2

More information

吸収分光.PDF

吸収分光.PDF 3 Rb 1 1 4 1.1 4 1. 4 5.1 5. 5 3 8 3.1 8 4 1 4.1 External Cavity Laser Diode: ECLD 1 4. 1 4.3 Polarization Beam Splitter: PBS 13 4.4 Photo Diode: PD 13 4.5 13 4.6 13 5 Rb 14 6 15 6.1 ECLD 15 6. 15 6.3

More information

0 s T (s) /CR () v 2 /v v 2 v = T (jω) = + jωcr (2) = + (ωcr) 2 ω v R=Ω C=F (b) db db( ) v 2 20 log 0 [db] (3) v R v C v 2 (a) ω (b) : v o v o =

0 s T (s) /CR () v 2 /v v 2 v = T (jω) = + jωcr (2) = + (ωcr) 2 ω v R=Ω C=F (b) db db( ) v 2 20 log 0 [db] (3) v R v C v 2 (a) ω (b) : v o v o = RC LC RC 5 2 RC 2 2. /sc sl ( ) s = jω j j ω [rad/s] : C L R sc sl R 2.2 T (s) ( T (s) = = /CR ) + scr s + /CR () 0 s T (s) /CR () v 2 /v v 2 v = T (jω) = + jωcr (2) = + (ωcr) 2 ω v R=Ω C=F (b) db db(

More information

,, 2. Matlab Simulink 2018 PC Matlab Scilab 2

,, 2. Matlab Simulink 2018 PC Matlab Scilab 2 (2018 ) ( -1) TA Email : ohki@i.kyoto-u.ac.jp, ske.ta@bode.amp.i.kyoto-u.ac.jp : 411 : 10 308 1 1 2 2 2.1............................................ 2 2.2..................................................

More information

2. 2 P M A 2 F = mmg AP AP 2 AP (G > : ) AP/ AP A P P j M j F = n j=1 mm j G AP j AP j 2 AP j 3 P ψ(p) j ψ(p j ) j (P j j ) A F = n j=1 mgψ(p j ) j AP

2. 2 P M A 2 F = mmg AP AP 2 AP (G > : ) AP/ AP A P P j M j F = n j=1 mm j G AP j AP j 2 AP j 3 P ψ(p) j ψ(p j ) j (P j j ) A F = n j=1 mgψ(p j ) j AP 1. 1 213 1 6 1 3 1: ( ) 2: 3: SF 1 2 3 1: 3 2 A m 2. 2 P M A 2 F = mmg AP AP 2 AP (G > : ) AP/ AP A P P j M j F = n j=1 mm j G AP j AP j 2 AP j 3 P ψ(p) j ψ(p j ) j (P j j ) A F = n j=1 mgψ(p j ) j AP

More information

m dv = mg + kv2 dt m dv dt = mg k v v m dv dt = mg + kv2 α = mg k v = α 1 e rt 1 + e rt m dv dt = mg + kv2 dv mg + kv 2 = dt m dv α 2 + v 2 = k m dt d

m dv = mg + kv2 dt m dv dt = mg k v v m dv dt = mg + kv2 α = mg k v = α 1 e rt 1 + e rt m dv dt = mg + kv2 dv mg + kv 2 = dt m dv α 2 + v 2 = k m dt d m v = mg + kv m v = mg k v v m v = mg + kv α = mg k v = α e rt + e rt m v = mg + kv v mg + kv = m v α + v = k m v (v α (v + α = k m ˆ ( v α ˆ αk v = m v + α ln v α v + α = αk m t + C v α v + α = e αk m

More information

Microsoft Word - 学士論文(表紙).doc

Microsoft Word - 学士論文(表紙).doc GHz 18 2 1 1 3 1.1....................................... 3 1.2....................................... 3 1.3................................... 3 2 (LDV) 5 2.1................................ 5 2.2.......................

More information

OABC OA OC 4, OB, AOB BOC COA 60 OA a OB b OC c () AB AC () ABC D OD ABC OD OA + p AB + q AC p q () OABC 4 f(x) + x ( ), () y f(x) P l 4 () y f(x) l P

OABC OA OC 4, OB, AOB BOC COA 60 OA a OB b OC c () AB AC () ABC D OD ABC OD OA + p AB + q AC p q () OABC 4 f(x) + x ( ), () y f(x) P l 4 () y f(x) l P 4 ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) 4 5 5 II III A B (0 ) 4, 6, 7 II III A B (0 ) ( ),, 6, 8, 9 II III A B (0 ) ( [ ] ) 5, 0, II A B (90 ) log x x () (a) y x + x (b) y sin (x + ) () (a) (b) (c) (d) 0 e π 0 x x x + dx e

More information

Title 最適年金の理論 Author(s) 藤井, 隆雄 ; 林, 史明 ; 入谷, 純 ; 小黒, 一正 Citation Issue Date Type Technical Report Text Version publisher URL

Title 最適年金の理論 Author(s) 藤井, 隆雄 ; 林, 史明 ; 入谷, 純 ; 小黒, 一正 Citation Issue Date Type Technical Report Text Version publisher URL Title 最適年金の理論 Author(s) 藤井, 隆雄 ; 林, 史明 ; 入谷, 純 ; 小黒, 一正 Citation Issue 2012-06 Date Type Technical Report Text Version publisher URL http://hdl.handle.net/10086/23085 Right Hitotsubashi University Repository

More information

1

1 GL (a) (b) Ph l P N P h l l Ph Ph Ph Ph l l l l P Ph l P N h l P l .9 αl B βlt D E. 5.5 L r..8 e g s e,e l l W l s l g W W s g l l W W e s g e s g r e l ( s ) l ( l s ) r e l ( s ) l ( l s ) e R e r

More information

O1-1 O1-2 O1-3 O1-4 O1-5 O1-6

O1-1 O1-2 O1-3 O1-4 O1-5 O1-6 O1-1 O1-2 O1-3 O1-4 O1-5 O1-6 O1-7 O1-8 O1-9 O1-10 O1-11 O1-12 O1-13 O1-14 O1-15 O1-16 O1-17 O1-18 O1-19 O1-20 O1-21 O1-22 O1-23 O1-24 O1-25 O1-26 O1-27 O1-28 O1-29 O1-30 O1-31 O1-32 O1-33 O1-34 O1-35

More information

S I. dy fx x fx y fx + C 3 C dy fx 4 x, y dy v C xt y C v e kt k > xt yt gt [ v dt dt v e kt xt v e kt + C k x v + C C k xt v k 3 r r + dr e kt S dt d

S I. dy fx x fx y fx + C 3 C dy fx 4 x, y dy v C xt y C v e kt k > xt yt gt [ v dt dt v e kt xt v e kt + C k x v + C C k xt v k 3 r r + dr e kt S dt d S I.. http://ayapin.film.s.dendai.ac.jp/~matuda /TeX/lecture.html PDF PS.................................... 3.3.................... 9.4................5.............. 3 5. Laplace................. 5....

More information

JIS Z803: (substitution method) 3 LCR LCR GPIB

JIS Z803: (substitution method) 3 LCR LCR GPIB LCR NMIJ 003 Agilent 8A 500 ppm JIS Z803:000 50 (substitution method) 3 LCR LCR GPIB Taylor 5 LCR LCR meter (Agilent 8A: Basic accuracy 500 ppm) V D z o I V DUT Z 3 V 3 I A Z V = I V = 0 3 6 V, A LCR meter

More information

1. ( ) 1.1 t + t [m]{ü(t + t)} + [c]{ u(t + t)} + [k]{u(t + t)} = {f(t + t)} (1) m ü f c u k u 1.2 Newmark β (1) (2) ( [m] + t ) 2 [c] + β( t)2

1. ( ) 1.1 t + t [m]{ü(t + t)} + [c]{ u(t + t)} + [k]{u(t + t)} = {f(t + t)} (1) m ü f c u k u 1.2 Newmark β (1) (2) ( [m] + t ) 2 [c] + β( t)2 212 1 6 1. (212.8.14) 1 1.1............................................. 1 1.2 Newmark β....................... 1 1.3.................................... 2 1.4 (212.8.19)..................................

More information

°ÌÁê¿ô³ØII

°ÌÁê¿ô³ØII July 14, 2007 Brouwer f f(x) = x x f(z) = 0 2 f : S 2 R 2 f(x) = f( x) x S 2 3 3 2 - - - 1. X x X U(x) U(x) x U = {U(x) x X} X 1. U(x) A U(x) x 2. A U(x), A B B U(x) 3. A, B U(x) A B U(x) 4. A U(x),

More information

2.2 h h l L h L = l cot h (1) (1) L l L l l = L tan h (2) (2) L l 2 l 3 h 2.3 a h a h (a, h)

2.2 h h l L h L = l cot h (1) (1) L l L l l = L tan h (2) (2) L l 2 l 3 h 2.3 a h a h (a, h) 1 16 10 5 1 2 2.1 a a a 1 1 1 2.2 h h l L h L = l cot h (1) (1) L l L l l = L tan h (2) (2) L l 2 l 3 h 2.3 a h a h (a, h) 4 2 3 4 2 5 2.4 x y (x,y) l a x = l cot h cos a, (3) y = l cot h sin a (4) h a

More information

.2 ρ dv dt = ρk grad p + 3 η grad (divv) + η 2 v.3 divh = 0, rote + c H t = 0 dive = ρ, H = 0, E = ρ, roth c E t = c ρv E + H c t = 0 H c E t = c ρv T

.2 ρ dv dt = ρk grad p + 3 η grad (divv) + η 2 v.3 divh = 0, rote + c H t = 0 dive = ρ, H = 0, E = ρ, roth c E t = c ρv E + H c t = 0 H c E t = c ρv T NHK 204 2 0 203 2 24 ( ) 7 00 7 50 203 2 25 ( ) 7 00 7 50 203 2 26 ( ) 7 00 7 50 203 2 27 ( ) 7 00 7 50 I. ( ν R n 2 ) m 2 n m, R = e 2 8πε 0 hca B =.09737 0 7 m ( ν = ) λ a B = 4πε 0ħ 2 m e e 2 = 5.2977

More information

熊本県数学問題正解

熊本県数学問題正解 00 y O x Typed by L A TEX ε ( ) (00 ) 5 4 4 ( ) http://www.ocn.ne.jp/ oboetene/plan/. ( ) (009 ) ( ).. http://www.ocn.ne.jp/ oboetene/plan/eng.html 8 i i..................................... ( )0... (

More information

橡博論表紙.PDF

橡博論表紙.PDF Study on Retaining Wall Design For Circular Deep Shaft Undergoing Lateral Pressure During Construction 2003 3 Study on Retaining Wall Design For Circular Deep Shaft Undergoing Lateral Pressure During Construction

More information

1 variation 1.1 imension unit L m M kg T s Q C QT 1 A = C s 1 MKSA F = ma N N = kg m s 1.1 J E = 1 mv W = F x J = kg m s 1 = N m 1.

1 variation 1.1 imension unit L m M kg T s Q C QT 1 A = C s 1 MKSA F = ma N N = kg m s 1.1 J E = 1 mv W = F x J = kg m s 1 = N m 1. 1.1 1. 1.3.1..3.4 3.1 3. 3.3 4.1 4. 4.3 5.1 5. 5.3 6.1 6. 6.3 7.1 7. 7.3 1 1 variation 1.1 imension unit L m M kg T s Q C QT 1 A = C s 1 MKSA F = ma N N = kg m s 1.1 J E = 1 mv W = F x J = kg m s 1 = N

More information

) a + b = i + 6 b c = 6i j ) a = 0 b = c = 0 ) â = i + j 0 ˆb = 4) a b = b c = j + ) cos α = cos β = 6) a ˆb = b ĉ = 0 7) a b = 6i j b c = i + 6j + 8)

) a + b = i + 6 b c = 6i j ) a = 0 b = c = 0 ) â = i + j 0 ˆb = 4) a b = b c = j + ) cos α = cos β = 6) a ˆb = b ĉ = 0 7) a b = 6i j b c = i + 6j + 8) 4 4 ) a + b = i + 6 b c = 6i j ) a = 0 b = c = 0 ) â = i + j 0 ˆb = 4) a b = b c = j + ) cos α = cos β = 6) a ˆb = b ĉ = 0 7) a b = 6i j b c = i + 6j + 8) a b a b = 6i j 4 b c b c 9) a b = 4 a b) c = 7

More information

2 2 1?? 2 1 1, 2 1, 2 1, 2, 3,... 1, 2 1, 3? , 2 2, 3? k, l m, n k, l m, n kn > ml...? 2 m, n n m

2 2 1?? 2 1 1, 2 1, 2 1, 2, 3,... 1, 2 1, 3? , 2 2, 3? k, l m, n k, l m, n kn > ml...? 2 m, n n m 2009 IA I 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27 4 21 1 1 2 1! 4, 5 1? 50 1 2 1 1 2 1 4 2 2 2 1?? 2 1 1, 2 1, 2 1, 2, 3,... 1, 2 1, 3? 2 1 3 1 2 1 1, 2 2, 3? 2 1 3 2 3 2 k, l m, n k, l m, n kn > ml...? 2 m, n n m 3 2

More information

³ÎΨÏÀ

³ÎΨÏÀ 2017 12 12 Makoto Nakashima 2017 12 12 1 / 22 2.1. C, D π- C, D. A 1, A 2 C A 1 A 2 C A 3, A 4 D A 1 A 2 D Makoto Nakashima 2017 12 12 2 / 22 . (,, L p - ). Makoto Nakashima 2017 12 12 3 / 22 . (,, L p

More information

4.6 (E i = ε, ε + ) T Z F Z = e βε + e β(ε+ ) = e βε (1 + e β ) F = kt log Z = kt log[e βε (1 + e β )] = ε kt ln(1 + e β ) (4.18) F (T ) S = T = k = k

4.6 (E i = ε, ε + ) T Z F Z = e βε + e β(ε+ ) = e βε (1 + e β ) F = kt log Z = kt log[e βε (1 + e β )] = ε kt ln(1 + e β ) (4.18) F (T ) S = T = k = k 4.6 (E i = ε, ε + ) T Z F Z = e ε + e (ε+ ) = e ε ( + e ) F = kt log Z = kt loge ε ( + e ) = ε kt ln( + e ) (4.8) F (T ) S = T = k = k ln( + e ) + kt e + e kt 2 + e ln( + e ) + kt (4.20) /kt T 0 = /k (4.20)

More information

power.tex

power.tex Contents ii 1... 1... 1... 7... 7 3 (DFFT).................................... 8 4 (CIFT) DFFT................................ 10 5... 13 6... 16 3... 0 4... 0 5... 0 6... 0 i 1987 SN1987A 0.5 X SN1987A

More information

1. (8) (1) (x + y) + (x + y) = 0 () (x + y ) 5xy = 0 (3) (x y + 3y 3 ) (x 3 + xy ) = 0 (4) x tan y x y + x = 0 (5) x = y + x + y (6) = x + y 1 x y 3 (

1. (8) (1) (x + y) + (x + y) = 0 () (x + y ) 5xy = 0 (3) (x y + 3y 3 ) (x 3 + xy ) = 0 (4) x tan y x y + x = 0 (5) x = y + x + y (6) = x + y 1 x y 3 ( 1 1.1 (1) (1 + x) + (1 + y) = 0 () x + y = 0 (3) xy = x (4) x(y + 3) + y(y + 3) = 0 (5) (a + y ) = x ax a (6) x y 1 + y x 1 = 0 (7) cos x + sin x cos y = 0 (8) = tan y tan x (9) = (y 1) tan x (10) (1 +

More information

B 1 B.1.......................... 1 B.1.1................. 1 B.1.2................. 2 B.2........................... 5 B.2.1.......................... 5 B.2.2.................. 6 B.2.3..................

More information