PET PET

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "1 3 1.1 PET..................................... 3 1.1.1......................................... 3 1.1.2 PET................................. 4 1.2.."

Transcription

1 21 PET 06S2037G

2 PET PET MPPC (APD) MPPC MPPC MPPC Gain Noise Rate Cross Talk BGO( ) LFS( ) LuAG Pr( ) BGO LFS LuAG BGO Pedestal LFS Pedestal

3 2 4.4 LuAG Pedestal A 27 A A.2 Compton A

4 PET PET Positron Emission Tomography PET PET 1 3[mm] γ γ 0.511[MeV] 180 γ 1 PET 1.1 PET F- FDG( ) F-FDG

5 PET PET CT CT MRI 1.3 PET-CT PET CT PET PET PET CT MRI PET PET PET PET 1.3 PET-CT

6 PET BGO( ) ( ) LuAG Pr( ) MPPC(Multi-Pixel Photon Counter) PET

7 2 MPPC 6 2 MPPC PMT(Photomultiplier Tube) (Photocathode) (Dynode) (Anode) (Electrode) (APD) p n (APD) APD pn

8 2 MPPC p n APD MPPC MPPC Multi-Pixel Photon Counter APD MPPC

9 2 MPPC MPPC 2.3 MPPC 2.2 MPPC 2.4 MPPC APD APD 2.5 APD 4ns MPPC MPPC

10 2 MPPC APD 2.3 MPPC MPPC Gain Gain G Q Q = eg (2.1) e C MPPC 1 C V bias V 0 1 Q = C(V bias V 0 ) (2.2) (2.1) Gain G = C e (V bias V 0 ) (2.3)

11 2 MPPC Noise Rate MPPC 1 Noise Rate Noise Rate MPPC Cross Talk APD Cross Talk MPPC MPPC Noise Rate (Photon Detective Efficiency PDE) = (2.4)

12 s t I τ I 0 ( I = I 0 exp t ) τ (3.1) τ 2 3ns ms POPOP(1,4- [ ] ) PPO(2,5- ) butyl-pdb(2-[4-tert- ]-1,3,4- )

13 PET PET γ PET PET 1 PET 3.1 t I τ I 0

14 3 13 ( I = I 0 exp t ) τ (3.2) BGO( ) BGO(Bi 4 Ge 3 O 12 ) 1970 NaI Tl 7 10 Bi γ γ BGO Bi 3+ Bi 3+ (Stokes shift) PET BGO 3.2 BGO 3.2 BGO

15 LFS( ) LFS LSO( ) LFS PET TOF-PET PET 3.3 LFS 3.3 LFS LuAG Pr( ) LuAG Pr 2004 Pr 3+ LuAG PET 3.4 LuAG LuAG BGO LFS LuAG PET PEM(Positron Emission Mammography) MRI-PET 1 30 PEM 3.4 LuAG

16 4 BGO LFS LuAG 15 4 BGO LFS LuAG 4.1 1mm 1mm MPPC 3mm 3mm 15mm BGO LFS LuAG MPPC 3mm 3mm Signal Gate (Self Trigger) 4.1 MPPC BGO LFS 4.2

17 4 BGO LFS LuAG Na 22 Na β [MeV] PET γ 12cm 4.3 BGO LFS LuAG BGO LFS LuAG Gate BGO Signal Gate 2.2µs Discriminator 100mV MPPC 71.1V 4.4 BGO Signal

18 4 BGO LFS LuAG LFS Signal 4.6 LuAG Signal 4.4 BGO 4.5 LFS 4.6 LuAG Signal Gate LFS LuAG Signal BGO

19 4 BGO LFS LuAG BGO Pedestal BGO Pedestal 22 Na ADC Gaussian fitting BGO Pedestal ADC [pC] Pedestal Mean ± 0.25[pC] (4.1) BGO Pedestal 22 Na 4.8 ADC Gaussian fitting PET 0.51[MeV] 0.51[MeV] fitting

20 4 BGO LFS LuAG BGO ADC BGO Mean ± 0.75[pC] (4.2) (4.1) (4.2) BGO = 236.8[pC] (4.3) 0.79[pC] (4.4) BGO (4.3) (4.4) ± 0.79[pC] (4.5)

21 4 BGO LFS LuAG LFS Pedestal BGO LFS Pedestal 22 Na ADC Gaussian fitting LFS Pedestal Pedestal Mean ± 0.275[pC] (4.6) LFS Pedestal 22 Na 4.10 ADC Gaussian fitting 0.51[MeV] fitting

22 4 BGO LFS LuAG LFS ADC LFS Mean 501 ± 0.675[pC] (4.7) (4.6) (4.7) LFS = [pC] (4.8) 0.73[pC] (4.9) LFS (4.8) (4.9) ± 0.73[pC] (4.10)

23 4 BGO LFS LuAG LuAG Pedestal LuAG Pedestal 22 Na ADC Gaussian fitting LuAG Pedestal Pedestal Mean ± 0.3[pC] (4.11) LuAG Pedestal 22 Na 4.12 ADC Gaussian fitting BGO fitting 0.51[MeV]

24 4 BGO LFS LuAG LuAG ADC LuAG Mean ± 0.475[pC] (4.12) (4.11) (4.12) LuAG = [pC] (4.13) 0.56[pC] (4.14) LuAG (4.13) (4.14) ± 0.56[pC] (4.15)

25 (4.5) (4.10) (4.15) BGO LFS LuAG ± 0.79[pC] ± 0.73[pC] ± 0.56[pC] LFS BGO 2 LuAG BGO 1 LFS BGO 8 10 LuAG BGO 3 LFS 2 LuAG 1/2 LuAG BGO BGO LFS Setting BGO BGO 2 BGO Signal Gate LFS BGO 1/10 BGO LFS Signal Signal PET 180 coincidence BGO LuAG 1 LuAG BGO BGO LuAG BGO MPPC 1 BGO LFS LuAG 480[nm] 416[nm] 310[nm] MPPC [nm] 440[nm] BGO LFS LuAG BGO LuAG LuAG MPPC 310[nm] 5.2 LFS γ BGO PET PET LuAG BGO LFS LFS BGO 3 1

26 5 25 LFS PET LFS 1 TOF(Time Of Flight)-PET PET γ 1 TOF-PET LFS LuAG TOF-PET PET PET 1 PET PET

27

28 A 27 A Compton γ X x [cm] I I = I 0 e µx µ 0 µ Compton µ photo µ comp µ pair µ = µ photo + µ comp + µ pair A.1 hν 0 T = hν I n (I n T A.1

29 A 28 Z 5 Z Compton Al 50[keV] Pb 500[keV] hν 0 µ photo µ photo = NZ 5 (hν 0 ) 7 2 ( A.1) N A.2 Compton Compton θ A-2 A-3 Compton A-3 hν 0 hν T θ δ A.2 Compton A.3 Compton

30 A 29 hν hν 0 hν = hν (1 cosθ) (hν 0 /mc 2 ) ( A.2) T T = hν 0 hν = hν mc 2 /hν 0 (1 cosθ) ( A.3) m c Compton Z Al [MeV] Pb 0.5 5[MeV] Compton µ comp hν 0 ( µ comp NZ = ln 2hν 0 hν 0 mc ) 2 N ( A.4) A.3 A-4 hν 0 mc 2 2 hν 0 2mc 2 = 1.02[MeV ] ( ) γ A.4

31 A 30 γ γ 1.02[MeV] (hν) = mc 2 = 0.51[MeV ] Z 2 Al 15[MeV] Pb 5[MeV] µ pair hν 0 { µ pair NZ ( 2 hν 0 2mc 2) ( hν 0 2mc 2 ( 1MeV ) ) = ( NZ 2 ln hν 0 hν0 2mc2) ( A.5) N Pb γ A-5 A.5 Pb

32 31 [1] PET [2] PET [3] [4] [5] [6] MPPC 2008 [7] MPPC 2009 [8] EL 2006 [9] [10] KEK 2007 [11] 2002 [12] ZECOTEK [13] Pr:LuAG PEM MRI/PET 2008 [14] Pr:LuAG 2008 [15] TGEM 2009 [16] SLHC MicroMEGAS 2008

3 1 4 1.1......................... 4 1.1.1....................... 4 1.1.2.................. 4 1.1.3 Coulomb potential.............. 5 1.2.............

3 1 4 1.1......................... 4 1.1.1....................... 4 1.1.2.................. 4 1.1.3 Coulomb potential.............. 5 1.2............. Fe muonic atom X 25 5 21 3 1 4 1.1......................... 4 1.1.1....................... 4 1.1.2.................. 4 1.1.3 Coulomb potential.............. 5 1.2.......................... 6 1.2.1...................

More information

Λ (Λ ) Λ (Ge) Hyperball γ ΛN J-PARC Λ dead time J-PARC flash ADC 1 dead time ( ) 1 µsec 3

Λ (Λ ) Λ (Ge) Hyperball γ ΛN J-PARC Λ dead time J-PARC flash ADC 1 dead time ( ) 1 µsec 3 19 Λ (Λ ) Λ (Ge) Hyperball γ ΛN J-PARC Λ dead time J-PARC flash ADC 1 dead time ( ) 1 µsec 3 1 1 1.1 γ ΛN................. 1 1.2 KEK J-PARC................................ 2 1.2.1 J-PARC....................................

More information

がん診療におけるFDG FDG-PET/CTの役割

がん診療におけるFDG FDG-PET/CTの役割 PET/CT PET/CT MRI PET PET/CT Kurashiki Central Hospital FDG-PET CT PET/CT (stage1) FDG-PET (stage1) PET/CT FDG-PET PET/CT (stage4) FDG-PET (stage4) PET/CT FDG-PET PET/CT PET/CT

More information

untitled

untitled 10 log 10 W W 10 L W = 10 log 10 W 10 12 10 log 10 I I 0 I 0 =10 12 I = P2 ρc = ρcv2 L p = 10 log 10 p 2 p 0 2 = 20 log 10 p p = 20 log p 10 0 2 10 5 L 3 = 10 log 10 10 L 1 /10 +10 L 2 ( /10 ) L 1 =10

More information

大学等における社会人の受け入れ状況調査

大学等における社会人の受け入れ状況調査 1 1 2 3 4 - - - - - - 6 8 6 2001 30 7 6 3 30 8 6 1 4 3,6,9,12 4 1 1 E 1 3 13 15 4 3 1 ( ) 8. 6 14 8 6 2002 8 8 3 7 60 1 4 4 32 100 12

More information

2 94.3 91.3 5.1 7.5 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.5 0.6 0.1 0.1 0.4 21.4% 15.8% 14.8% 15.0% 16.0% 16.5% 0.5% 16.1% 15.2% 16.9% 15.7% 17.1% 18.6% 0.4% 21.4% 15.8% 14.8

2 94.3 91.3 5.1 7.5 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.5 0.6 0.1 0.1 0.4 21.4% 15.8% 14.8% 15.0% 16.0% 16.5% 0.5% 16.1% 15.2% 16.9% 15.7% 17.1% 18.6% 0.4% 21.4% 15.8% 14.8 15 7 8,000 15 4 1 0 5 15 4 2 15 10 1 15 4 1 6 11 4,500 3,500 16 26 35 27 34 16 2 19 16 2 24 16 3 15 1 2 94.3 91.3 5.1 7.5 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.5 0.6 0.1 0.1 0.4 21.4% 15.8% 14.8% 15.0% 16.0% 16.5% 0.5% 16.1%

More information

44-1(前11)7回春季大会

44-1(前11)7回春季大会 PET 5 18 5 20 5 18 5 20 5 18 5 20 5 18 5 20 5 18 17:10 18:35 19 5 18 20 URL: http://www.t-inform.co.jp/jsnm-s7/ 7 http://www.t-inform.co.jp/jsnm-s7/ 7 19 5 18 20 7 7 PET PET PET RI 2 19 PET PET PET 1

More information

2 2. : ( Wikipedia ) 2. 3. 2 2. photoelectric effect photoelectron. 2. 3. ν E = hν h ν > ν E = hν hν W = hν

2 2. : ( Wikipedia ) 2. 3. 2 2. photoelectric effect photoelectron. 2. 3. ν E = hν h ν > ν E = hν hν W = hν KEK 9,, 20 8 22 8 704 690 9 804 88 3.. 2 2. : ( Wikipedia ) 2. 3. 2 2. photoelectric effect photoelectron. 2. 3. ν E = hν h ν > ν E = hν hν W = hν 2.2. (PMT) 3 2: PMT ( / ) 2.2 (PMT) ν ) 2 2 00 000 PMT

More information

新入_本文.smd

新入_本文.smd 52 28 220 28 4 1 017-777-1511 2 2 8 2 9 8 9 47.2% 12.8% 11.5% 6.0% 4 2 (49.6%)(13.0%) (14.7%) (7.4%)(8.4%) (52.3%)(9.1%) (11.4%) (10.0%) 33.0% 23.4% 15.6% 9.6% (26.0%) (18.3%) (46.5%) (30.0%) (20.0%) 2

More information

10 117 5 1 121841 4 15 12 7 27 12 6 31856 8 21 1983-2 - 321899 12 21656 2 45 9 2 131816 4 91812 11 20 1887 461971 11 3 2 161703 11 13 98 3 16201700-3 - 2 35 6 7 8 9 12 13 12 481973 12 2 571982 161703 11

More information

0.45m1.00m 1.00m 1.00m 0.33m 0.33m 0.33m 0.45m 1.00m 2

0.45m1.00m 1.00m 1.00m 0.33m 0.33m 0.33m 0.45m 1.00m 2 24 11 10 24 12 10 30 1 0.45m1.00m 1.00m 1.00m 0.33m 0.33m 0.33m 0.45m 1.00m 2 23% 29% 71% 67% 6% 4% n=1525 n=1137 6% +6% -4% -2% 21% 30% 5% 35% 6% 6% 11% 40% 37% 36 172 166 371 213 226 177 54 382 704 216

More information

受賞講演要旨2012cs3

受賞講演要旨2012cs3 アハ ート アハ ート アハ ート アハ ート アハ ート アハ ート アハ ート アハ ート アハ ート アハ ート アハ ート アハ ート アハ ート アハ ート アハ ート アハ ート アハ ート アハ ート アハ ート アハ ート アハ ート アハ ート アハ ート アハ ート アハ ート アハ ート アハ ート アハ ート アハ ート アハ ート アハ ート α β α α α α α

More information

γ γ CsI RIBF SAMURAI CsI(Tl),CsI(Na) APD γ

γ γ CsI RIBF SAMURAI CsI(Tl),CsI(Na) APD γ 2013 10 11030 2014/02/24 γ γ CsI RIBF SAMURAI CsI(Tl),CsI(Na) APD γ i 1 1 1.1................................. 1 1.2.................................. 1 2 5 2.1.................................... 5 2.2....................................

More information

™…{,

™…{, 16:30-17:40 1-36 1-37 1-38 1-39 1-40 1-41 1-42 33 10:00-11:10 1-43 1-44 1-45 1-46 1-47 1-48 1-49 12:00-12:50 LS4 34 16:30-17:40 1-50 1-51 1-52 1-53 1-54 1-55 1-56 35 16:30-17:40 1-57 1-58 1-59 1-60 1-61

More information

46 Y 5.1.1 Y Y Y 3.1 R Y Figures 5-1 5-3 3.2mm Nylon Glass Y (X > X ) X Y X Figure 5-1 X min Y Y d Figure 5-3 X =X min Y X =10 Y Y Y 5.1.2 Y Figure 5-

46 Y 5.1.1 Y Y Y 3.1 R Y Figures 5-1 5-3 3.2mm Nylon Glass Y (X > X ) X Y X Figure 5-1 X min Y Y d Figure 5-3 X =X min Y X =10 Y Y Y 5.1.2 Y Figure 5- 45 5 5.1 Y 3.2 Eq. (3) 1 R [s -1 ] ideal [s -1 ] Y [-] Y [-] ideal * [-] S [-] 3 R * ( ω S ) = ω Y = ω 3-1a ideal ideal X X R X R (X > X ) ideal * X S Eq. (3-1a) ( X X ) = Y ( X ) R > > θ ω ideal X θ =

More information

467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 B =(1+R ) B +G τ C C G τ R B C = a R +a W W ρ W =(1+R ) B +(1+R +δ ) (1 ρ) L B L δ B = λ B + μ (W C λ B )

More information

農林漁家民宿の女性経営者が

農林漁家民宿の女性経営者が 28 29 30 31 32 NA 33 NA 34 NA NA 35 NA 36 37 38 39 NA 40 41 NA NA 42 NA NA 43 NA NA 44 NA PR PR PR 45 PR PR PR PR FAX 46 FAX NA NA 47 NA NA 48 NA 49 NA 50 NA 51 NA NA 52 NA NA 53 GT NA 54 NA 55 NA 56 57

More information

,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,

,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1, 1 1 1 2 1 3 1 4 2 5 5 6 6 1 6 2 7 3 7 4 7 5 7 7 8 8 10 1 10 2 10 3 10 12 1 12 2 12 3 12 4 13 5 14 14 1 14 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 16 5 16 6 16 7 17 6 17 18 19~23-19- 1 0.5 1 43.25 2.20 3.60 103.50 43.88 2.20

More information

37 43

37 43 1 8 12 19 37 43 60 64 99 Mo- 99m Tc 68 10 75 11 85 12 88 13 90 14 92 15 94 16 96 17 99 18 Tc-99m 102 19 105 Tc-99m 110 PET 122 PET/CT 133 148 157 177 180 184 UNSCEAR ICRP 1990 ICRP 2007 ALARA 1 5. 1-1

More information

第85 回日本感染症学会総会学術集会後抄録(III)

第85 回日本感染症学会総会学術集会後抄録(III) β β α α α µ µ µ µ α α α α γ αβ α γ α α γ α γ µ µ β β β β β β β β β µ β α µ µ µ β β µ µ µ µ µ µ γ γ γ γ γ γ µ α β γ β β µ µ µ µ µ β β µ β β µ α β β µ µµ β µ µ µ µ µ µ λ µ µ β µ µ µ µ µ µ µ µ

More information

8 8 0

8 8 0 ,07,,08, 8 8 0 7 8 7 8 0 0 km 7 80. 78. 00 0 8 70 8 0 8 0 8 7 8 0 0 7 0 0 7 8 0 00 0 0 7 8 7 0 0 8 0 8 7 7 7 0 j 8 80 j 7 8 8 0 0 0 8 8 8 7 0 7 7 0 8 7 7 8 7 7 80 77 7 0 0 0 7 7 0 0 0 7 0 7 8 0 8 8 7

More information

STB-Ring(Stretcher-Booster Ring) 1.2 GeV Tagging System Tagging System Efficiency rate rate rate Efficiency 1 STB-Ring 2 rate Efficiency 3 Efficiency

STB-Ring(Stretcher-Booster Ring) 1.2 GeV Tagging System Tagging System Efficiency rate rate rate Efficiency 1 STB-Ring 2 rate Efficiency 3 Efficiency STB-Ring Tagging Efficiency Study GEANT4 2010 3 STB-Ring(Stretcher-Booster Ring) 1.2 GeV Tagging System Tagging System Efficiency rate rate rate Efficiency 1 STB-Ring 2 rate Efficiency 3 Efficiency ( )

More information

untitled

untitled 1. Web21 2001 4 2. Web21 2001 4 3. Web21 2001 4 4. Web21 2001 4 5. BCS Web21 2001 6 6. Web21 2001 6 7. Web21 2001 8 8. - Web21 2001 10 9. 9-1. Web21 2001 10 9-2. d Web21 2001 12 9-3. Web21 2001 12 1. T

More information

x : = : x x

x : = : x x x : = : x x x :1 = 1: x 1 x : = : x x : = : x x : = : x x ( x ) = x = x x = + x x = + + x x = + + + + x = + + + + +L x x :1 = 1: x 1 x ( x 1) = 1 x 2 x =1 x 2 x 1= 0 1± 1+ 4 x = 2 = 1 ± 5 2 x > 1

More information

MultiWriter 5600C 活用マニュアル

MultiWriter 5600C 活用マニュアル 1 *1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 9 1 2 3 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 1 2 3 a b c 26 27 28 C *1 *2 *2 29 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 30 *1 *2 ± *1 C C 31 32 33 34 35 36 M C Y K 1 2 3 4 5 6

More information

1 5 1.1................................ 5 1.2 MPGD.......................................... 6 1.2.1 GEM...................................... 6 1.2.2

1 5 1.1................................ 5 1.2 MPGD.......................................... 6 1.2.1 GEM...................................... 6 1.2.2 19 GEM 2 2008/3/13 1 5 1.1................................ 5 1.2 MPGD.......................................... 6 1.2.1 GEM...................................... 6 1.2.2 MICROMEGAS................................

More information

一般演題(ポスター)

一般演題(ポスター) 6 5 13 : 00 14 : 00 A μ 13 : 00 14 : 00 A β β β 13 : 00 14 : 00 A 13 : 00 14 : 00 A 13 : 00 14 : 00 A β 13 : 00 14 : 00 A β 13 : 00 14 : 00 A 13 : 00 14 : 00 A β 13 : 00 14 : 00 A 13 : 00 14 : 00 A

More information

2 原 子 と 原 子 核 p130 原 子 は 原 子 核 とそのまわりを 回 る 電 子 からなる 原 子 原 子 核 e は 素 電 荷 : 1.6 10-19 C 電 子 電 荷 : -e 質 量 :9.11 10-31 kg 陽 子 電 荷 : +e 質 量 :1.673 10-27 kg

2 原 子 と 原 子 核 p130 原 子 は 原 子 核 とそのまわりを 回 る 電 子 からなる 原 子 原 子 核 e は 素 電 荷 : 1.6 10-19 C 電 子 電 荷 : -e 質 量 :9.11 10-31 kg 陽 子 電 荷 : +e 質 量 :1.673 10-27 kg 1 期 末 試 験 について このスライドの 穴 埋 め 部 分 ( 計 算 問 題 を 含 む) の 関 連 しか 出 ません 試 験 はA4で1 枚 分 くらいの 分 量 です 放 射 線 は 看 護 師 として 必 要 な 知 識 だと 思 います それ 以 外 の 部 分 も 授 業 中 はしっかりと 理 解 するように 努 めて 下 さい 試 験 対 策 は 穴 埋 め 計 算 問 題 関

More information

56cm 1 15 1960 2 8 2 2 1 2008 1992 2 1992 2 3562mm 3773mm 2 1980 1991 2008 2007 2003 5 2 3 2003 2005 2008 2010 2005 2008 2012 2010 2012 4 7 4 5 2 1975 1994 8 2008 NPO 2 2010 3 2013 2016 3 2008 2009 14

More information

紀要No.9_006王_CS.indd

紀要No.9_006王_CS.indd 1 2 3 4 5 87 9 2009 1937.1 6 1937.1 2 1937.3 1937.9 73 1941.6 77 1941.10 27 1943.9 1943.10 1944.12 1946.12 1947.1 5 1948.4 L 1949.9 10 1950.10 1953.1 1953.12 1956.5.16 1956.6 1966.9 30 1966.10 1967.4 1967.9

More information

1. Introduction SOI(Silicon-On-Insulator) Monolithic Pixel Detector ~µm) 2

1. Introduction SOI(Silicon-On-Insulator) Monolithic Pixel Detector ~µm) 2 Introduction TEG 2005.10.4 @KEK 1 1. Introduction SOI(Silicon-On-Insulator) Monolithic Pixel Detector ~µm) 2005.10.4 @KEK 2 SOI 2005.10.4 @KEK 3 SOI : Smart Cut (UNIBOND) by SOITEC Low-R Hi-R 2005.10.4

More information

A. Fresnel) 19 1900 (M. Planck) 1905 (A. Einstein) X (A. Ampère) (M. Faraday) 1864 (C. Maxwell) 1871 (H. R. Hertz) 1888 2.2 1 7 (G. Galilei) 1638 2

A. Fresnel) 19 1900 (M. Planck) 1905 (A. Einstein) X (A. Ampère) (M. Faraday) 1864 (C. Maxwell) 1871 (H. R. Hertz) 1888 2.2 1 7 (G. Galilei) 1638 2 1 2012.8 e-mail: tatekawa (at) akane.waseda.jp 1 2005-2006 2 2009 1-2 3 x t x t 2 2.1 17 (I. Newton) C. Huygens) 19 (T. Young) 1 A. Fresnel) 19 1900 (M. Planck) 1905 (A. Einstein) X (A. Ampère) (M. Faraday)

More information

無印良品のスキンケア

無印良品のスキンケア 2 3 4 5 P.22 P.10 P.18 P.14 P.24 Na 6 7 P.10 P.22 P.14 P.18 P.24 8 9 1701172 1,400 1701189 1,000 1081267 1,600 1701257 2,600 1125923 450 1081250 1,800 1125916 650 1081144 1,800 1081229 1,500 Na 1701240

More information

1

1 (c) Masaya Kasuga Shaltics 2011 1 2 1 1.1 1 2 1.2 1 2 TeX OHP 3 4 1.3 3 3 BLACK 5 4 5 6 1.4 4 5 6 6 7 2 2.1 7 8 7 8 8 2.2 9 9 9 2.3 10 10 10 11 3 3.1 12 3.2 13 11 12 13 11 12 13 14 14 3.3 14 15 3.4 16

More information

CWContinuous Wave CW 1.1.2 XCT(Computed Tomography) MRI Magnetic Resonance Imaging)PET(Positron Emission Tomography) XCT 2

CWContinuous Wave CW 1.1.2 XCT(Computed Tomography) MRI Magnetic Resonance Imaging)PET(Positron Emission Tomography) XCT 2 1.1 1.1.1 RadarRadio Detection and Ranging 1960 1 10 1 CWContinuous Wave CW 1.1.2 XCT(Computed Tomography) MRI Magnetic Resonance Imaging)PET(Positron Emission Tomography) XCT 2 3 XCTMRI XCTMRI XCT /10

More information

1 913 10301200 A B C D E F G H J K L M 1A1030 10 : 45 1A1045 11 : 00 1A1100 11 : 15 1A1115 11 : 30 1A1130 11 : 45 1A1145 12 : 00 1B1030 1B1045 1C1030

1 913 10301200 A B C D E F G H J K L M 1A1030 10 : 45 1A1045 11 : 00 1A1100 11 : 15 1A1115 11 : 30 1A1130 11 : 45 1A1145 12 : 00 1B1030 1B1045 1C1030 1 913 9001030 A B C D E F G H J K L M 9:00 1A0900 9:15 1A0915 9:30 1A0930 9:45 1A0945 10 : 00 1A1000 10 : 15 1B0900 1B0915 1B0930 1B0945 1B1000 1C0900 1C0915 1D0915 1C0930 1C0945 1C1000 1D0930 1D0945 1D1000

More information

仁科財団50周年のあゆみ/仁科博士写真p1

仁科財団50周年のあゆみ/仁科博士写真p1 π µ µ µ µ µ µ µ β µ α α γ γ π γ Isotope News 2003 2 Isotope News 50 2005 4 24 3 2 20 2003 2 25 27 23 2 24 Isotope News 2004 1 1 1 1 1908 41 18641936

More information

<967B92AC B82DC82BF82C382AD82E88C7689E68F912E706466>

<967B92AC B82DC82BF82C382AD82E88C7689E68F912E706466> 16m80m 16 4 1100 17 1 1 1 2 2 4 2 3 3 2 3 2 1 5 1 1 18 1/100 18 1 2 3 2~4 1 1 1 2 26 () 27 5 28 300 29 () 30 31 32 20229 5/30 - (83-2041) 68 2 2 1 7 1 1 4 7 7 2 1 1 2 4 1 2 181222 1 // 2 // 3 // 4 /

More information

330

330 330 331 332 333 334 t t P 335 t R t t i R +(P P ) P =i t P = R + P 1+i t 336 uc R=uc P 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 π π β τ τ (1+π ) (1 βτ )(1 τ ) (1+π ) (1 βτ ) (1 τ ) (1+π ) (1 τ ) (1 τ ) 344 (1 βτ )(1

More information

P1-1 P1-2 P1-3 P1-4 P1-5 P1-6 P3-1 P3-2 P3-3 P3-4 P3-5 P3-6 P5-1 P5-2 P5-3 P5-4 P5-5 P5-6 P7-1 P7-2 P7-3 P7-4 P7-5 P7-6 P9-1 P9-2 P9-3 P9-4 P9-5 P9-6 P11-1 P11-2 P11-3 P11-4 P13-1 P13-2 P13-3 P13-4 P13-5

More information

PDF

PDF 1 1 1 1-1 1 1-9 1-3 1-1 13-17 -3 6-4 6 3 3-1 35 3-37 3-3 38 4 4-1 39 4- Fe C TEM 41 4-3 C TEM 44 4-4 Fe TEM 46 4-5 5 4-6 5 5 51 6 5 1 1-1 1991 1,1 multiwall nanotube 1993 singlewall nanotube ( 1,) sp 7.4eV

More information

i ii iii - 1 - 56-2 - 3-3 - - 4 - - 5 - - 6 - - 7 - - 8 - - 9 - - 10 - - 11 - - 12 - - 13 - - 14 - - 15 - - 16 - - 17 - - 18 - - 19 - - 20 - - 21 - - 22 - - 23 - No 12 12 13 13 8 28 14 7 26 15 8 27 16

More information

社葬事前手続き

社葬事前手続き 2 ... 4... 4... 5 1... 5 2... 5 3... 5 4... 5 5... 5 6... 5 7... 5 8... 6 9... 6 10... 6... 6 1... 6 2... 6 3... 7 4... 7... 8 1 2.... 8 2 2.... 9 3 4.. 3 4. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 5 8 9 10 I 1 6 2 EL 3 4 24 7

More information

日本糖尿病学会誌第58巻第3号

日本糖尿病学会誌第58巻第3号 l l μ l l l l l μ l l l l μ l l l l μ l l l l l l l l l l l l l μ l l l l μ Δ l l l μ Δ μ l l l l μ l l μ l l l l l l l l μ l l l l l μ l l l l l l l l μ l μ l l l l l l l l l l l l μ l l l l β l l l μ

More information

2014-11.key

2014-11.key 2014-11 1 2 3 4 5 7 8 9 10 11 12 PC 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 45 46 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68

More information

「東京こどもネット・ケータイヘルプデスク(こたエール)」平成22年度相談実績の概要

「東京こどもネット・ケータイヘルプデスク(こたエール)」平成22年度相談実績の概要 734, 35% 62, 11% 84, 16% 530, 26% 235, 11% PC) 396, 73% 579, 28% ) (21 ) 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 200 150 100 22 182 200 150 100 22 50 54 PC 49 52 PC 50 41 14 17 1 1 4 16 3 6 14 180 250 200 150 235

More information

6 30 2005 10 1 65 2,682 00 21.9 481 1 2,776 21.0 15 1,740 00 5.8 107 13.6 40 2025 24.2-0 - -1 - -2 - -3 - -4 - -5 - -6 - -7 - -8- -9 - - 10 - -11 - - 12 - - 13-10 11 59 4 59 3 10 17 - 14 - - 15 - - 16

More information

PowerPoint Presentation

PowerPoint Presentation 2 9/ 3 3 9/ 9 4 5 , PR () 6 ,,, (11) 7 PR 8 9 10 11 TEL. 106 8/131512/291/3 TEL. 107 12/291/3 12 http://www.f-turn.jp/ 13 21 4 21 14 200910 U 200911 U 200911 20102 15 20102 PR 20103 20103 16 20103 20104

More information

17 17 17 17 11 21 28 1 24 12 36 2,000 2 22 11 3.67 3.38 22 2.97 21 10 1.7 1.12 22 10 13 2.75 11 10 15 24 10 12 14 3 17 17 2006 4 17 10 24 12 17 5 15 17 17 11 40 6 17 40 17 11 7 24 17 24 17 8 40 17 17 9

More information

untitled

untitled ,337 37 35 0,349,09 35 55 988 3 0 0 3,387 7 90 0,369,46 5 57 5 0 90 38 8,369 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 3 4 5 6 8 9 30 3 3 5,400 7,00 9,000 0,800,600 4,400 6,00 8,000 9,800,600 3,400 5,00 7,000 8,800

More information

,877 61,524 33, ,292, ,653 57,601 95,188 2,416 1,767,

,877 61,524 33, ,292, ,653 57,601 95,188 2,416 1,767, 02 02 02 180,771 07 02 01 1,377 07 02 02 1,051,703 07 02 05 220,099 07 03 01 926,597 08 02 04 1,877,566 08 04 02 2,973,603 08 05 03 672,950 10 06 03 778,433 10 06 04 735,789 10 06 06 225,392 10 06 07 365,442

More information

日本糖尿病学会誌第58巻第2号

日本糖尿病学会誌第58巻第2号 β γ Δ Δ β β β l l l l μ l l μ l l l l α l l l ω l Δ l l Δ Δ l l l l l l l l l l l l l l α α α α l l l l l l l l l l l μ l l μ l μ l l μ l l μ l l l μ l l l l l l l μ l β l l μ l l l l α l l μ l l

More information