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1 (Research in Experimental Phonetics and Linguistics) 4: (2012) * *

2 SUGI Speech Analyzer

3 (2003) /i/ /e/ /a/ /o/ /u/ Ver2.0β2 22,050Hz B613 Roland WAVE/MP3 Recorder EDIROL R-09 44,100Hz 16bit /i/ /e/ /a/ /o/ /u/ KAY Pentax Multi speech 3700 ver.2.5 SPG 1 3 Cool Edit /i/ /i/ /i/ /i/ /i/ /i/ 39

4 /i/ /u/ /u/ /u/ /u/ /u/ /u/ /o/ /o/ /i/ 93 /e/ 45 /a/ 189 /o/ 124 /u/ /i/ /i/ 40

5 Hz /i/ /e/ /a/ /o/ /u/ : F1-F2 F2-F F1-F2 F2-F ~

6 4 Hz /i/ /e/ /a/ /o/ /u/ F1-F2 4-2 F2-F3 5-1 Hz /i/ /e/ /a/ /o/ /u/ F1-F2 5-2 F2-F3 42

7 5-2 2 Hz 2 /i/ /e/ /a/ /o/ /u/ F1-F F2-F Hz 3 /i/ /e/ /a/ /o/ /u/ F1-F F2-F3 43

8 5-4 4 Hz 4 /i/ /e/ /a/ /o/ /u/ F1-F F2-F3 5-5 Hz /i/ /e/ /a/ /o/ /u/ F1-F F2-F3 44

9 F1-F2 5 IPA F1-F F1-F /i/ F1 5 F1-F2 F1-F2 5 2 F1 3 4 /i/ Hz /i/ 100Hz F1 F1 F2 /o/ 2 F2 100Hz /o/ Hz F1 F2 /i/ /e/ /a/ /o/ /u/

10 7 F1-F2 7 F1-F2 5 1 /a/ F1 130Hz 200Hz 2 1 /e/ 2 F1 2 /a/ /a/ 2 F1 F2 5-9 /o/ F1 F2 /o/ Sundberg(1974) F2 F1 46

11 F2 F F1 F1 F2 F1 F1 F2 F3 F2-F3 F1-F2 F2-F3 F3 F2-F F2-F3 8 F1 F3 5 F2 F1 F F1 F3 5 F2 5 47

12 Chiba and Kajiyama (1941) F1 F2 F1 F4 3500Hz F5 5800Hz F6 6800Hz SPG F1 F1 Chiba, Tsutomu and Masato Kajiyama (1941) The vowel : its nature and structure. Tokyo : Tokyo-Kaiseikan ( (2003) ) (2010) Kent, Ray D. & Charles Read (1992) The acoustic analysis of speech. California: Singular Publishing Group ( (1996) ) (2011) 9: Sundberg, Johan (1974) Articulatory interpretation of the 'singing formant'. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 55: ( ) (2005) (2003) 60/8:

13 On the Characteristics of Formant Frequency of Vowels in Kyogi Karuta Yurie HAYAKAWA & Takahiro FUKUMORI This study was carried out to determine the characteristics of the formant frequency of vowels used in the recitation of Kyogi Karuta (Competitive karuta). All vowels within the first unit of Ogura Hyakunin Isshu (One hundred poets, one poem each) were considered as the sample and subjected to acoustic phonetic analysis when delivered by a reciter at All Japan Karuta Association. As a result, we confirmed that F1 for the recitation of Kyogi Karuta was grouped at the centre of the formant diagram compared to normal speech. Moreover, we confirmed that F1 was grouped even closer to the centre of the formant diagram after the second unit. This research showed that as compared to normal speech, the formant frequency of vowels in the recitation of Kyogi Karuta is centralized, which was demonstrated by F1 and F3 more clearly than F2. Member of the Japan Experimental Linguistics Society Faculty of Foreign Languages Daito Bunka University Takashimadaira, Itabashi, Tokyo , Japan 49

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