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1 A New Cognitive Model for Oral Reading Processes: Results of Studying Eye Movement Characteristics of a Phonological Dyslexic Patient Kwok, Misa Grace Misa Grace Kwok / Doctoral Program, Graduate School of Media and Governance, Keio University Shun Ishizaki / Professor, Faculty of Environmental Information, Keio University Tadahiko Fukuda / Professor, Faculty of Environmental Information, Keio University e purpose of this study is to examine eye movement characteristics during reading and to build an oral reading-processing model, the basis of communication by written materials. A phonological dyslexic patient and unimpaired 'control' subjects were selected to experiment on oral reading with controlled words. Experimental analysis shows that the unimpaired subjects read each word as a "chunk" using their peripheral vision, whereas the phonological dyslexic subject read those words which he felt difficult to read, such as in a "letter-by-letter-reading" manner using only central vision. is suggests the existence of a seperate language reading process in addition to regular dual-route and triangle models. Keywords: Phonological dyslexia 92

2 E - Talking Sign developmental dyslexia acquired dyslexia KEIO SFC JOURNAL Vol.2 No

3 (pure alexia) (deep dyslexia) (surface dyslexia) (phonological dyslexia) 94

4 Warrington letter-by-letter reading Early visual processing Visual wordform system Phonological processing Semantic processing Seidenberg Zihl KEIO SFC JOURNAL Vol.2 No

5 hemianopic dyslexia Zihl Behrmann Biscaldi 96

6 phonological dyslexia Kwok a Kwok b deep dyslexia CT LDA / / /.. KEIO SFC JOURNAL Vol.2 No

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18 ) ) ).. Peripheral vision chunk chunk Denotation Phonologization chunk chunk Central vision letter-by-letter reading KEIO SFC JOURNAL Vol.2 No

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20 KEIO SFC JOURNAL Vol.2 No

21 p. Kwok, Misa Grace Phonological dyslexia ( ) a Kwok, Misa Grace (Sup), pp. -, b pp. -, ( ), pp. -, ( ), pp. -, pp. - ( ), pp. -, ( ), pp. -, ( ), pp. -, J -D ( ), pp -, ( ) (Sup), pp. -, Behrmann M, Shomstein S. S., Black S. E., and Barton J.J. " e eye movements of pure alexic patients during reading and nonreading tasks" Neuropsychologia, 39 (9), pp , 2001 Biscaldi M., Crezeck S., and Stuhr V. "Poor saccadic control correlates with dyslexia." Neuropsychologia, 36 (11), pp , 1998 Latour, P. L. "Visual threshold during eye movements" Vision Research, 2, pp , 1962 Seidenberg, M. S.& McClelland, J. L. "A Distributed, Developmental Model of Word Recognition and Naming" Psychological Review, 96, p. 523, 1989 Volkmann F. C., Schick A. M. L., and Riggs L. A. "Time Course of Visual Inhibition during Voluntary Saccades" Journal of e Optical Society of America, Vol.58, No.4, pp , 1968 Warrington, E. K., and Shallice T. "WORD-FORM DYSLEXIA" Brain, 103, pp , 1980 Zihl, J. "Eye movement patterns in hemianopic dyslexia" Brain, 118, pp ,

22 KEIO SFC JOURNAL Vol.2 No

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