情意要因が英語の読解力と会話力に及ぼす影響-JGSS-2008 のデータから-

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1 JGSS-2008 The Influence of Affective Factors on English Reading and Conversation Proficiency among Japanese from the Data of JGSS-2008 Kaoru KOISO Faculty of Business Administration Osaka University of Commerce In second language acquisition affective factors such as motivation or attitude toward L2 speakers are closely related to proficiency. Those with positive attitude toward L2 speakers are more likely to be successful learners. There has been a number of research on affective factors and English proficiency, however much of this has been researched in class room environments. Based on the data of JGSS-2008, this study examines the influence of affective factors on English reading and conversation proficiency among Japanese adults. The results show the following: Affective factors have a stronger influence on conversation proficiency than on reading proficiency. The effect of direct contact with L2 speakers has been clearly demonstrated. In the younger generation it seems that English has been used not only for communication with native speakers but also as a communication tool with non-native speakers. In the older generation those with high self-efficacy have a higher level of proficiency. Key Words: JGSS, English reading and conversation proficiency, affective factors 2 JGSS-2008 JGSS-2008 JGSS 163

2 e.g. Gardner 1985, Dörnyei 1990, Koiso 2005, 2004, 1991 JGSS (1) ALT JET JGSS (p<0.05) (p<0.01)

3

4 30 20 JGSS-2002 JGSS JGSS-2002 JGSS Gardner Gardner 1985 Gardner Dörnyei e.g. Csizer & Dörnyei 2005, Schmidt et al.1999, Koiso Gardner (2) (3) Self-efficacy Self regulatory capability Bandura Bandura 1997 self-esteem , 2009, (4)

5 1 2 1 読 解 力 会 話 力 教 育 年 数 ** ** 読 書 量 ** ** 中 学 3 年 時 成 績 ** ** 自 分 の 意 見 ** ** 国 際 問 題 頻 度 ** ** **P<.01 2 n 読 解 力 会 話 力 留 学 研 修 ある *** 2.57 *** ない アジア 人 知 人 いる *** 1.79 *** いない 欧 米 人 知 人 いる *** 2.26 *** いない その 他 外 国 知 人 いる *** 1.99 *** いない 外 国 訪 問 経 験 ある *** 1.65 *** ない 外 国 人 増 加 賛 成 *** 1.70 *** 反 対 就 労 の 有 無 有 職 無 職 都 市 サイズ 大 都 市 *** 1.68 *** 中 都 市 小 都 市 町 村 p<.10, *p<.05, **P<.01, ***p<

6 (5) ALT (6) JGSS-2008 JGSS

7 モデル1 モデル2 モデル1 モデル2 モデル1 モデル2 β β β β β β 女 性 ダミー 教 育 年 数 *** *** *** *** *** *** 読 書 数 ( 共 変 量 ) *** *** *** *** 中 3 成 績 ( 共 変 量 ) *** *** *** *** ** 大 都 市 ダミー * 中 都 市 ダミー 小 都 市 ダミー 就 労 ダミー 留 学 研 修 あり * * *** アジア 友 人 あり ** 欧 米 友 人 あり *** *** その 他 外 国 友 人 あり ** * 外 国 訪 問 あり 外 国 人 増 加 賛 成 * 国 際 問 題 頻 度 ( 共 変 量 ) * 自 分 の 意 見 ( 共 変 量 ) * Adjusted R F 値 *** *** *** *** *** *** n モデル1 モデル2 モデル1 モデル2 モデル1 モデル2 β β β β β β 女 性 ダミー 教 育 年 数 *** *** *** *** *** *** 読 書 数 ( 共 変 量 ) *** *** *** ** * 中 3 成 績 ( 共 変 量 ) *** *** *** *** ** ** 大 都 市 ダミー 中 都 市 ダミー 小 都 市 ダミー 就 労 ダミー 留 学 研 修 あり ** *** *** アジア 友 人 あり ** 欧 米 友 人 あり *** *** ** その 他 外 国 友 人 あり * ** 外 国 訪 問 あり 外 国 人 増 加 賛 成 * 国 際 問 題 頻 度 ( 共 変 量 ) ** 自 分 の 意 見 ( 共 変 量 ) ** Adjusted R F 値 *** *** *** *** *** *** n p<.10, *p<.05, **P<.01, ***p<

8 R 2 R Dewaele Dewaele et al.,

9 23 (7) Acknowledgement General Social Surveys JGSS JGSS 1 2 Csizer & Dörnyei 2005 Attitudes toward L2 speakers which concerns toward having direct contact with L2 speakers and traveling to their country Bandura, Albert, 1997, Self-efficacy: The exercise of control, New York, W.H. Freeman. Csizer, Kata & Dörnyei, Zoltan, 2005, Language Learners Motivation Profiles and Their Motivated Learning Behavior, Language Learning, 55, Dörnyei, Zoltan, 1990, Conceptualizing motivation in foreign language learning, Language Learning, 40, Dörnyei, Zoltan, 2003, Attitudes, orientations, and motivations in language learning: Advances in theory research, and applications, Attitudes Orientations and Motivations in Language Learning, Dewaele, Jean-Marc, Petrides,K.V. & Furnham, Adrian, 2008, Effect on Trait Emotional Intelligence and Sociobiographical Variables on Communicative Anxiety and Foreign Language Anxiety Among Adult 171

10 Multilinguals:A Review and Empirical Investigation, Language Learning 58, Gardner, R.C.,1985, Social psychology and second language learning: The role of attitudes and motivation, London, Edward Arnold., 2008, Koiso,Kaoru, 2005, A comparative research on L2 student motivation in EFL countries, Osaka Shougyoudaigaku Ronshu, 136, , 2008, , 2009, JGSS-2002 JGSS : , 1991, 33:17-25., 2006, / Schmidt, Richard, Boraie, Deena & Kasabgy, Omneya, 1999, Foreign language motivation: Internal structure and external connections, Oxford, R. (ed.), Learning language motivation: Pathways to the new century, University of Hawaii Press., 2004, JGSS-2002 General Social Surveys 3:45-57., 2009, JGSS General Social Surveys 9: , 2003, JACET 7:

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