language anxiety :, language-skill-specific anxiety Cheng, Horwitz, & Schallert, Horwitz et al. Foreign Language Classroom Anxiety ScaleFLCAS Young, ;

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1 Second Language Anxiety of JSL Learners in In and Outside the Classroom MOCHIZUKI Michiko This article discusses second language anxiety with special reference to Japanese education in in-classroom and outside-the-classroom environments. The discussion focuses on the relationship among in-classroom anxiety, outside-the-classroom anxiety, confidence in Japanese and Can-do, based on the Japanese Language Apprehension Scale (JLAS), where subjects are freshmen at four months after admission to the university. It demonstrates that in-classroom anxiety is higher than outside-the-classroom anxiety and that confidence in Japanese is closely associated with Can-do. second language anxietyjapanese language anxiety JLAS Japanese Language Anxiety Scale target language environment in-classroom/outside-the-classroom anxiety second language anxiety Horwitz, Horwitz, & Cope : foreign language anxiety MacIntyre & Gardner :

2 language anxiety :, language-skill-specific anxiety Cheng, Horwitz, & Schallert, Horwitz et al. Foreign Language Classroom Anxiety ScaleFLCAS Young, ; Aida, MacIntyre, Horwitz, & Cope MacIntyre & Gardner,, p. MacIntyre & Gardner, Aida

3 FLCAS Foreign Language Classroom Anxiety Scale New York JFL Japanese as a Foreign Language JFL Saito, Horwitz, & Garza, Machida,,, JSL Japanese as a Second Language

4 JLAS: Japanese Language Anxiety Scale JLAS-IN JLAS-OUT, Can-do,

5

6 JLAS-OUT JLAS-IN Cronbach α.... JLAS-OUT JLAS-IN

7 Cronbach α

8 Can-do α

9 ..

10 r. r. r. r. r. r. Pearson... **... N Pearson.. **.... N Pearson.. **.... N Pearson. **..... N **

11 TV

12 JLAS. % Can-. % Can- JLAS BICS JFL

13 Aida, Y.. Examination of Horwitz, Horwitz and Cope s construct of foreign language anxiety: The case of students of Japanese. Modern Language Journal,,, pp. -. Cheng, Y. S., Horwitz, E. K., & Schallert, D. L.. Language anxiety: Differentiating writing and speaking components. Language Learning,, pp. -. Daly, J. A., & Miller, M. D.. The empirical development of an instrument of writing apprehension. Research in the Teaching of English,, pp. -. Horwitz, E. K., Horwitz, M. B., & Cope, J.. Foreign language classroom anxiety. Modern Language Journal,, pp. -.,, pp. -. Machida, S.. Test anxiety in Japanese-language class oral examinations, pp. -. MacIntyre, P. D., & Gardner, R. C.. Methods and results in the study of anxiety and language learning: A review of the literature. Language Learning,, pp.-. MacIntyre, P. D., & Gardner, R. C.. The subtle effects of language anxiety on cognitive processing in the second language. Language Learning,, pp -. MacIntyre, P. D., Noels, K. A., & Clement, R.. Biases in self-ratings of second language proficiency: The role of language anxiety. Language Learning,, pp. -..,, pp. -.,, pp.-,, pp.-. Saito, Y., Horwitz, E. K., & Garza, T. J.. Forign language reading anxiety. Modern Language Journal,, pp. -. Scarcella, R. C., & Oxford, R. L.. The Tapestry of Language Learning: The Individual in the Communicative Classroom. Heinle and Heinle Publishers.., pp.-.., pp.-. Young, D. J.. The relationship between anxiety and foreign language oral proficiency ratings. Foreign Language Annals,, pp. -.

MacIntyre & Gardner 1994) Horwitz, E.K Trait Anxiety State AnxietySituation Specific Anxiety 77

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