Maynard Zimmerman Maynard & Zimmerman Maynard & Zimmerman Maynard & Zimmerman

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Maynard Zimmerman 1 1.1 Maynard & Zimmerman Maynard & Zimmerman Maynard & Zimmerman"

Transcription

1 Abstract This paper offers a comparison between topic openings of female Chinese and Japanese native speakers (CNS and JNS) in their native language conversations. The data consist of -minute audio-and video-taped dyadic conversations by CNS pairs and JNS pairs. The results show that both CNS and JNS demonstrate patterns of topic opening: ( ) immediate opening and ( ) gradual opening. A significant difference between CNS and JNS was found in the distribution of these patterns. In CNS conversation, the distributions of ( ) and ( ) are % and % respectively. In JNS conversation, they are % and %. That is, in CNS conversation, the topic opening process tends to be shorter than that in JNS conversation, where topics are opened gradually through negotiation. Keywords : Chinese-Japanese comparison, topic opening, process analysis, interaction, unacquaintance Tannen,

2 Maynard Zimmerman Maynard & Zimmerman Maynard & Zimmerman Maynard & Zimmerman

3 Maynard & Zimmerman a b b a initiation response b b

4 West & Garcia Okamoto & Smith-Lovin Jones C C J J

5 J J J Maynard & Zimmerman

6 3 3.1 a b c 1 C C 1 C 诶 们 课

7 C 们 C C J J 2 J [ J [ [ J [ 2 a C C C C C C

8 C 3 C 诶 难 吗 韩 语 发 C 韩 语 发 语 难 觉 hhh C 础 C C ABCD ABCD C 嗯 C 还 样 说 C J J J J 4 J J J J [ J [hhhhhhhhh J b

9 C C C C C C C C 5 C 们 语 课 时 还 语 C C C C C 还 语 烦 C 语 现 J - J J J J J J J J

10 6 - J J hhhh J J J [ J [ J c C C C C C C C C C 7 C 们 这 联 吗 C 嗯 C 联 吗 C 联 们 联 C 们 绝 C 为 为 绝 J J J

11 8 J J J J J J 3.2 b a b a c =., df=, P<., 1

12 4

13 Tannen,, Goffman

14 , Goffman p.

15 hhh h [ / Yamada Gardner Tannen,, -., -., -., -. AJALT, -., -.

16 , -., -., -., K.., -. a, -. b -., -., -. Gardner, R. ( ) The identification and role of topic in spoken interaction, Semiotica,, -. Goffman, E. ( ) Interaction Ritual: Essays on Face-to-Face Behaviour, New York, NY : Doubleday Anchor,. Goffman, E. ( ) Fram analys: An essay on the Organization of experience, Boston, MA: Northeastern University Press. Jones, K. ( ) Managing topics of conversation in Japanese, In P. Szatrowski, (Ed.), Hidden and Open Conflict in Japanese Conversational Interaction pp. -, Tokyo : Kurosio. Maynard, D., & Zimmerman, D. ( ) Topical Talk,Ritual and the Social Organization of Relationships, Sicuak Psychology Quarterly, ( ), -. Okamoto, D., & Smith-Lovin, L. ( ) Changing the subject: gender, status, and the dynamics of topic change, American Sociological Review,, -. Tannen, D. ( ) Conversational Style: Analyzing Talk among Friends, Norwood, NJ : Ablex. Tannen, D. ( ) That s not what I meant! : how conversational style makes or breaks relationships, New York, NY : Ballantine Books. Tannen, D. ( ) You just don t understand : women and men in conversation, New York, NY : Ballantine Books. Tannen, D. ( ) Framing in Discourse, New York, NY : Oxford University Press. West, C., & Garcia, A. ( ) Conversational shift work: A study of topical transitions between women and men, Social Problems,, -. Yamada, H. ( ) American And Japanese Topic Management Strategies In Business Meetings, a doctoral dissertation, YUSHODO Dissertation Service Center.

A Study on Interruptions in the Conversations: To Demonstrate the Features of the Conver sation between Japanese Native Speakers and Chinese Japanese

A Study on Interruptions in the Conversations: To Demonstrate the Features of the Conver sation between Japanese Native Speakers and Chinese Japanese A Study on Interruptions in the Conversations: To Demonstrate the Features of the Conver sation between Japanese Native Speakers and Chinese Japanese Learners LIU Jiajun This study aims to investigate

More information

ナ畜ナ・カ06 091--102 (窶凖・

ナ畜ナ・カ06  091--102 (窶凖・ 15, 2005 11 * : (Frame) (2002) q w e 1. (Frame) (Gumperz 1982, Goffman 1986, Tannen 1993) * CHEN Ming-jan: [ 91 ] 92 2. (Watanabe 1993 2000 2002 2002) Watanabe (1993) q w e (2002) 1 ( ) ( )( ) 93 1 1 1

More information

01_31窶愴胆1窶窶ー窶慊イfiツ。01-16

01_31窶愴胆1窶窶ー窶慊イfiツ。01-16 Fight Club The Matrix The Truman Show realism vitual reality actuality realityideality cm Fight Club The Matrix The Truman Show p. p. NTT p. p. SUMMARY 65 The function of speech in turn-taking

More information

”Y‰Æ”ЛïŸ_‘W40−ª4/ ™ƒ“ª

”Y‰Æ”ЛïŸ_‘W40−ª4/ ™ƒ“ª Fisher & Tronto CC - Ungerson Ungerson DNA Digital News Archives - ...... prospect Goffman Wiles Bateson v socialization T. Mills Oliver Raymond .. -. Bateson G., Step to an Ecology of Mind. Ballantine

More information

情意要因が英語の読解力と会話力に及ぼす影響-JGSS-2008 のデータから-

情意要因が英語の読解力と会話力に及ぼす影響-JGSS-2008 のデータから- JGSS-2008 The Influence of Affective Factors on English Reading and Conversation Proficiency among Japanese from the Data of JGSS-2008 Kaoru KOISO Faculty of Business Administration Osaka University of

More information

Ł×

Ł× March OECD eds. OECD eds. ab March 100.0 80.0 60.0 40.0 20.0 95.7 94.9 91.9 93.8 88.0 94.4 78.1 77.0 35.2 38.7 0.0 6069 7079 8089 9099 0009 March W W B B W B W W B B W B March 2.5 2.0 1.5 2.03 1.79 1.95

More information

18 BS BS 20 21 55 BS 10 10 55 Equivocation Theory Feldman et al. 2015 2 2.1 2.2 2 3 3 3.1 4 5 2.マスメディアの 影 響 力 Lazarsfeld et.al., 1944 Two-Step Flow of

18 BS BS 20 21 55 BS 10 10 55 Equivocation Theory Feldman et al. 2015 2 2.1 2.2 2 3 3 3.1 4 5 2.マスメディアの 影 響 力 Lazarsfeld et.al., 1944 Two-Step Flow of Graduate School of Policy and Management, Doshisha University 17 政 治 討 論 番 組 における 会 話 分 析 概 要 BS 3 1 2 3 1.はじめに 1990, 2007 1990 2001 NHK 1990 18 BS BS 20 21 55 BS 10 10 55 Equivocation Theory Feldman et

More information

28_3-03-伊勢坊 中原先生-原著③.indd

28_3-03-伊勢坊 中原先生-原著③.indd Japanese Journal of Administrative Science Volume 28, No.3, 2016, 233-247 Article How do executive secretaries learn from their experiences? Aya ISEBO Tokyo University Jun NAKAHARA Tokyo University The

More information

03-田島.indd

03-田島.indd 研 究 論 文 : 雑 誌 Myojo における ジャニーズ イメージの 受 容 53 Myojo 1 Myojo 2012 10 60 / 1 Myojo 1952 27 1992 10 Myojo /Myojo 2 2002, 2003, 2008 1987 1950 1970 2002 2002 10 /Myojo /Myojo 50 /Myojo 10 1990 90 2000 2002 10

More information

’ÓŠ¹/‰´„û

’ÓŠ¹/‰´„û Core Ethics Vol. transition from school to work [][] [] Core Ethics Vol. [], pp.- [], p. [a], p.ojt OJT. [] OJT [] [] [], p. OJTOffJTp. [] p. [], pp.- [] [] [] [] [a] [], p. Core Ethics Vol. [], p. []

More information

1. David Murray

1. David Murray Abstract TANAKA Fujimaro, who is famous for his inspection of Western educational institutions as a member of the Iwakura Mission in the early Meiji era, held the post of the Japanese Minister to Italy

More information

p _08森.qxd

p _08森.qxd Foster care is a system to provide a new home and family to an abused child or to a child with no parents. Most foster children are youngsters who could not deepen the sense of attachment and relationship

More information

NINJAL Research Papers No.8

NINJAL Research Papers No.8 (NINJAL Research Papers) 8: 177 196 (2014) ISSN: 2186-134X print/2186-1358 online 177 3 3 3 1940 3 late adoption real time 3 apparent time * 1. 1 2 3 1.1 3 1 1953 * 2014 3 18 2014 5 13 109 NINJAL 2012

More information

........ LL 马 乐 罗 纳 转 费 总 统 马 陆 岁 经 诊 为 E F, A E A P A/B NHK 妈 让 D TOEIC pp. - pp - E 岛 联 军 赛 选 岛 夺 军 举 纪 录 岛 联 这 选 项 联 军 岛 赛 时 较 时 显 觉 还 对 说 还 赛 绩 记 录 联 军 赛 绩 E 岛 联 军 举 赛 选 岛 优 绩 夺 军 举 纪 录 岛 联 军

More information

f 名 語 句 +~ま j E 本 語 のナラテイヴにおける 母 語 話 者 の 評 葡 詰 果 と 各 導 入 顧 序 における~ 態 の 相 関 関 保 -t 1L Chaudron, Craig and Kate Parker. 1990. Discourse markedness and structural markedness: the acquisition of English

More information

untitled

untitled Understanding Ruth Benedict through Anthropologist at Work This paper is an attempt to shed light on Ruth Benedict s personality by analyzing her autobiography, her research, her journals, diaries and

More information

A Study of the Comprehensive Framework of Action for Job Retention amongst the Deaf and Hard of Hearing Makoto IWAYAMA Abstract The purpose of this pa

A Study of the Comprehensive Framework of Action for Job Retention amongst the Deaf and Hard of Hearing Makoto IWAYAMA Abstract The purpose of this pa Title 聴覚障害者の職場定着に向けた取り組みの包括的枠組みに関する考察 Author(s) 岩山, 誠 Citation 地域政策科学研究, 10: 1-24 Issue Date 2013-03-23 URL http://hdl.handle.net/10232/16661 http://ir.kagoshima-u.ac.jp A Study of the Comprehensive Framework

More information

Atkinson, J. W., Heyns, R. W., & Veroff, J. 1954 The effect of experimental arousal of the affiliation motives on thematic apperception. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 49, 405 Horner, M. S.

More information

6 ibid., p. 50 20 2

6 ibid., p. 50 20 2 研 究 論 文 : 田 山 花 袋 蒲 団 にみる 日 本 の 近 代 化 とジェンダー 5 Research paper: Gender and modernization in Japan: An analysis of Tayama Katai s The Quilt 1 1 20, 2004/2008, pp. 47-50 6 ibid., p. 50 20 2 研 究 論 文 : 田 山

More information

<30315F985F95B65F90B490852E696E6464>

<30315F985F95B65F90B490852E696E6464> Modeling for Change by Latent Difference Score Model: Adapting Process of the Student of Freshman at Half Year Intervals Kazuaki SHIMIZU and Norihiro MIHO Abstract The purpose of this paper is to present

More information

e.g. Kubota 2011 Piller & Takahashi 2006 Kubota 2011 Piller & Takahashi 2006 Kubota 2011 Piller et al. 2010 2 Heller 2003 Piller, Takahashi & Watanabe

e.g. Kubota 2011 Piller & Takahashi 2006 Kubota 2011 Piller & Takahashi 2006 Kubota 2011 Piller et al. 2010 2 Heller 2003 Piller, Takahashi & Watanabe http://alce.jp/journal/ 13 2015 pp. 83-96 ISSN 2188-9600 * Copyright 2015 by Association for Language and Cultural Education 1 Norton Peirce 1995 2014 2014 2013 2014 * E-mail: masakiseo@gmail.com 83 e.g.

More information

抜刷表紙/芦塚 〃 嶋崎 芦塚

抜刷表紙/芦塚 〃 嶋崎 芦塚 Res. Bull. Fukuoka Inst. Tech., Vol No A study on the establishment and operation of synthesized type community sport clubs by nonprofit organizations Koji KANAGAWA (Department of Social and Environmental

More information

pp 427 438 2006 Dimensional Change Card Sort ****** ** 2005 9 30 2004 8 2002 4 Zelazo, P. D., Carter, A., Reznick, J. S. & Frye, D. 1997 10 2003 Zelaz

pp 427 438 2006 Dimensional Change Card Sort ****** ** 2005 9 30 2004 8 2002 4 Zelazo, P. D., Carter, A., Reznick, J. S. & Frye, D. 1997 10 2003 Zelaz Title 幼 児 の 実 行 機 能 の 発 達 過 程 : Dimensional Change C を 用 いたルールの 理 解 とその 使 用 に 関 する 検 討 Author(s) 浮 穴, 寿 香 ; 橋 本, 創 一 ; 出 口, 利 定 Citation 東 京 学 芸 大 学 紀 要. 総 合 教 育 科 学 系, 57: 427-438 Issue Date 2006-02-00

More information

untitled

untitled 89 Marital Power in Dual-earner couple: focusing on bargaining processes Hiromi Matsunobu Herbst 1952 Blood and Wolfe 1960, 1965; Blood, 1967=1978 Olson and Cromwell, 1975; Szinovacz, 1987: 651 Olson and

More information

The Annual Report of Educational Psychology in Japan 2008, Vol.47, 148-158 Qualitative Research in Action:Reflections on its Implications for Educational Psychology Yuji MORO (GRADUATE SCHOOL OF COMPREHENSIVE

More information

58 1 Labov (1972) narrative (temporal juncture) (narrative clause) narrative Labov (1972) narrative Labov and Waletzkey (1967) narrative q Abstractw O

58 1 Labov (1972) narrative (temporal juncture) (narrative clause) narrative Labov (1972) narrative Labov and Waletzkey (1967) narrative q Abstractw O 13, 2003 9 * : () ( ) () ( / ) 4 1. * KATO Yoko: [ 57 ] 58 1 Labov (1972) narrative (temporal juncture) (narrative clause) narrative Labov (1972) narrative Labov and Waletzkey (1967) narrative q Abstractw

More information

IMF World Economic Outlook, April GDP GDP.,,,,,..,.

IMF World Economic Outlook, April GDP GDP.,,,,,..,. The Strategies of Three Japanese Companies in Chinese Market: From the Viewpoint of Dilemma of Emerging Markets Strategy and its Resolution MORI, Masaki Chinese market is now a growing and attractive market

More information

The Class Culture and the Education of the Upper Middle Class City People in Pre-War Japan The Presentation of the Frame of Reference of Sociological History Keiko SASAKI Abstract The aim of this article

More information

未婚者の恋愛行動分析 : なぜ適当な相手にめぐり会わないのか

未婚者の恋愛行動分析 : なぜ適当な相手にめぐり会わないのか Kwansei Gakuin University Rep Title 未 婚 者 の 恋 愛 行 動 分 析 : なぜ 適 当 な 相 手 にめぐり 会 わないのか Author(s) Nishimura, Tomo, 西 村, 智 Citation 経 済 学 論 究, 68(3): 493-515 Issue Date 2014-12-20 URL http://hdl.handle.net/10236/13428

More information

....9_093-120/...{...s.q

....9_093-120/...{...s.q TCK TCK Heritage Language School TCK TCK HP http://www.nnc.or.jp/~aikawa/ http://www.cao.go.jp/seikatsu/whitepaper/h/honbun/index.html http://www.jawhm.or.jp/jp/index.html http://workingholiday-net.com

More information

28 Drucker,1999: Davenport,2005: Frorida, 2005 Arthur and Rousseau (1996) Boundaryless Career Hall (2002) Protean Career 14

28 Drucker,1999: Davenport,2005: Frorida, 2005 Arthur and Rousseau (1996) Boundaryless Career Hall (2002) Protean Career 14 27 14 28 Drucker,1999: Davenport,2005: Frorida, 2005 Arthur and Rousseau (1996) Boundaryless Career Hall (2002) Protean Career 14 29 Drucker (1999) Drucker (2002) Drucker (2002) Drucker Davenport (2005)

More information

22 2016 3 82 1 1

22 2016 3 82 1 1 : 81 1 2 3 4 1990 2015 22 2016 3 82 1 1 83 : 2 5 84 22 2016 3 6 3 7 8 2 : 85 1 S 12 S S S S S S S S S 86 22 2016 3 S S S S S S S S 2 S S : 87 S 9 3 2 1 10 S 11 22 2016 3 88 1 : 89 1 2 3 4 90 22 2016 3

More information

”Лï‰IŠv47-1-13ŁÐ”RŸ_Ł¶

”Лï‰IŠv47-1-13ŁÐ”RŸ_Ł¶ Kinds of news people like and dislike and the formation of social reality through their conversation Miyuki KATAYAMA, Yoshiro KAWAKAMI Yasuyuki KAWAURA, Shinkichi SUGIMORI Abstract Kinds of news

More information

扉日59

扉日59 ,, ,,,,, fluent pause filler H,. ,, fluent, pause, filler A B A B,,,, fluent, pause, filler, A B filler A filler A B pause fluent,, filler fluent ms pause filler ms Praat A B B ,, fluent, pause, filler...,.,.

More information

:. SPSS

:. SPSS Title 被 服 製 作 に 関 する 知 識 と 技 能 の 実 態 : 帰 国 生 と 一 般 生 と の 比 較 ( fulltext ) Author(s) 山 崎, 真 澄 ; 池 﨑, 喜 美 惠 Citation 東 京 学 芸 大 学 紀 要. 総 合 教 育 科 学 系, 64(2): 175-182 Issue Date 2013-02-28 URL http://hdl.handle.net/2309/132633

More information

02古郡氏李氏_a_4.indd

02古郡氏李氏_a_4.indd 55 2014 e.g2004 2005 2001 1980 101990 1 2 2002 2003 25,000 20038,000 2013 10 2013 1,787 21.623 4,302 1 HUD portal.hud. gov/.../huddoc?id=pih2013 15.pdf... 2 14 105 30,000 25,000 25,296 20,000 15,000 10,000

More information

An Empirical Study on Media Frames: How the Newspapers Covered "All Five Walks" in the Summer High School Baseball Tournament in 1992. IBARAGI Yoshiko Recently the role of "media frames" in the process

More information

The Japanese Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. 2003, Vol. 42, No. 2, 146-165 Discoursive Strategy for the Commitment to Adoption with Infants Who Had Been Reared at Residential

More information

untitled

untitled 子 どもの 怒 り 経 験 と 怒 り 表 出 に 関 する 研 究 中 村 多 見 Children s experience of anger toward their teachers and anger expression Tami Nakamura Abstract The main purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships

More information

No.3 14

No.3 14 Mar.2003 13 1950m 53 (1998 1961 86.5 80 90 30% (1997 ),2001),2001) 1 2 3 4 5 6 No.3 14 Mar.2003 15 No.3 16 Mar.2003 17 No.3 18 Mar.2003 19 20 No.3 Mar.2003 21 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

More information

2 94

2 94 32 2008 pp. 93 106 1 Received October 30, 2008 The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of aerobics training class on weight loss for female students in HOKURIKU UNIVERSITY. Seventy four female

More information

30 1 2015 6 pp.1-13. 216 1951 1

30 1 2015 6 pp.1-13. 216 1951 1 計 量 国 語 学 アーカイブ ID KK300101 種 別 調 査 報 告 タイトル コソア 使 用 個 人 差 の 実 験 的 記 述 現 場 指 示 と 非 現 場 指 示 の 関 わり Title An Experimental Description of Deictic and Nondeictic Usages of Japanese Indexicals, ko -, so -,

More information

日本看護管理学会誌15-2

日本看護管理学会誌15-2 The Journal of the Japan Academy of Nursing Administration and Policies Vol. 15, No. 2, PP 135-146, 2011 Differences between Expectations and Experiences of Experienced Nurses Entering a New Work Environment

More information

2013 Vol.1 Spring 2013 Vol.1 SPRING 03-3208-2248 C O N T E N T S 2013 03-3208-2248 2 3 4 7 Information 6 8 9 11 10 73 94 11 32 37 41 96 98 100 101 103 55 72 1 2 201345135016151330 3 1 2 URL: http://www.wul.waseda.ac.jp/clib/tel.03-3203-5581

More information

0 Speedy & Simple Kenji, Yoshio, and Goro are good at English. They have their ways of learning. Kenji often listens to English songs and tries to remember all the words. Yoshio reads one English book every

More information

% 95% 2002, 2004, Dunkel 1986, p.100 1

% 95% 2002, 2004, Dunkel 1986, p.100 1 Blended Learning 要 旨 / Moodle Blended Learning Moodle キーワード:Blended Learning Moodle 1 2008 Moodle e Blended Learning 2009.. 1994 2005 1 2 93% 95% 2002, 2004, 2011 2011 1 Dunkel 1986, p.100 1 Blended Learning

More information

Kyushu Communication Studies 第2号

Kyushu Communication Studies 第2号 Kyushu Communication Studies. 2004. 2:1-11 2004 How College Students Use and Perceive Pictographs in Cell Phone E-mail Messages IGARASHI Noriko (Niigata University of Health and Welfare) ITOI Emi (Bunkyo

More information

untitled

untitled The Joint Class between Japanese Learners and Japanese Students What we can see from the Comments Akemi YASUI Abstract The purpose of this paper is to report the results of the joint class between 20 intermediate-advanced

More information

108 528 612 P.156 109

108 528 612 P.156 109 2012 Vol.2 Summer & Autumn 03-3208-2248 108 528 612 P.156 109 C O N T E N T S 2012 03-3208-2248 2 3 4 6 Information 7 8 9 2 114 154 156 158 160 161 163 9 43 52 61 79 113 1 2 2012 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

More information

66-1 田中健吾・松浦紗織.pwd

66-1 田中健吾・松浦紗織.pwd Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate the characteristics of a psychological stress reaction scale for home caregivers, using Item Response Theory IRT. Participants consisted of 337 home caregivers

More information

評論・社会科学 98号(P)☆/1.鰺坂

評論・社会科学 98号(P)☆/1.鰺坂 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 1 2 2 3 3 1 3 2 3 3 4 4 1 4 2 4 3 5 2011 5 17 2011 10 19 1 1 1 2011 2010 2008 α 100 125 230 1 2 2 2 1 2008 92 1 2 3 93 1 2 1 2 1 2 2 1992, p.40 1960 1992, p.40 3 2008, p.32 3 3 1 4 4 3 2

More information

202

202 201 Presenteeism 202 203 204 Table 1. Name Elements of Work Productivity Targeted Populations Measurement items of Presenteeism (Number of Items) Reliability Validity α α 205 α ä 206 Table 2. Factors of

More information

ABSTRACT The Social Function of Boys' Secondary Schools in Modern Japan: From the Perspectives of Repeating and Withdrawal TERASAKI, Satomi (Graduate School, Ochanomizu University) 1-4-29-13-212, Miyamaedaira,

More information

[142-160]大野

[142-160]大野 Eugene O Neill, ~ Long Day s Journey into NightJourney A Moon for the Misbegotten Moon James O Neill Jr. Journey Journey Journey John Henry Raleigh O Neill s Long Day s Journey into Night and New Irish-Catholicism

More information

DOUSHISYA-sports_R12339(高解像度).pdf

DOUSHISYA-sports_R12339(高解像度).pdf Doshisha Journal of Health & Sports Science, 4, 41-50 2012 41 A Case Study of the Comprehensive community sports clubs that People with Disability Participate in. Motoaki Fujita In this study, the interview

More information

2 except for a female subordinate in work. Using personal name with SAN/KUN will make the distance with speech partner closer than using titles. Last

2 except for a female subordinate in work. Using personal name with SAN/KUN will make the distance with speech partner closer than using titles. Last 1 北陸大学 紀要 第33号 2009 pp. 173 186 原著論文 バーチャル世界における呼びかけ語の コミュニケーション機能 ポライトネス理論の観点からの考察 劉 艶 The Communication Function of Vocative Terms in Virtual Communication: from the Viewpoint of Politeness Theory Yan

More information

132 Camerer (2003) Chen, Lakshminarayanan and Santos (2006) fmri ventral stiatum Fliessbach K., Weber B., Trautner P., Dohmen T., Sunde U., Elger C. E

132 Camerer (2003) Chen, Lakshminarayanan and Santos (2006) fmri ventral stiatum Fliessbach K., Weber B., Trautner P., Dohmen T., Sunde U., Elger C. E 131 604 * 19653026 Ferrer-i-Carbonell (2005) Luttmer (2005) McBride (2001) Stutzer (2005) Clark and Oswald (1996) Ultimum Game 132 Camerer (2003) Chen, Lakshminarayanan and Santos (2006) fmri ventral stiatum

More information

,, 2024 2024 Web ,, ID ID. ID. ID. ID. must ID. ID. . ... BETWEENNo., - ESPNo. Works Impact of the Recruitment System of New Graduates as Temporary Staff on Transition from College to Work Naoyuki

More information

October p NHK No October GT meansd T T p p p t p p p PTA October October October Chavkin Chavkin, N.F. & GarzaLobeck, M. : Multicultural Approach to Parent Involvement. Social Work in Education, 13,

More information

Allan, Graham, 1989, Friendship: Developing a Sociological Perspective, New York: Harvester- Giddens, Anthony, 1992, The Transformation of Intimacy: Sexuality, Love and Eroticism in Modern Robertson, Jennifer,

More information

9000000220

9000000220 Sports Heros in News coverage of Korean media and Perception of the Audience Yeo-kwang YOON, In-hee LEE, Dong-ho YEOM Abstract The goal of this study is three-fold: first, to identify patterns of hero

More information

J53-01

J53-01 53 Bulletin of Hiroshima Jogakuin University : 126Dec. 2003 1 TAT 200310 Object relations in TAT analysis Kyoko YAMASHITA Abstract I carried out TAT with 54 female university students as subjects, and

More information

3

3 Kyushu Communication Studies, Vol. 6, 2008, pp. 1-22 2008 Public, Private and Territory: Analysis on Family and House HIRANO Junya Kumamoto University MATSUMOTO Tomoko Graduate Student, Kyushu University

More information

Communicative English (1) Thomas Clancy, Roman Greco Communicative English (CE) I is an introductory course in Spoken English. The course provides freshmen students with the opportunity to express themselves

More information

60 0 0 0 (3) 1. 記 録 されたトラウマ 襲 いかかる 記 憶 2000 30

60 0 0 0 (3) 1. 記 録 されたトラウマ 襲 いかかる 記 憶 2000 30 59 はじめに 2007 (1) 70 1970 (2) UTCP Uehiro Booklet, No. 2, 2013 10 pp. 59 72 60 0 0 0 (3) 1. 記 録 されたトラウマ 襲 いかかる 記 憶 2000 30 61 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 ( 2007a: 165) ( 2007a: 165) 62 ( 2007a: 170) 0 0 0 GI 0 GI (

More information

07_伊藤由香_様.indd

07_伊藤由香_様.indd A 1 A A 4 1 85 14 A 2 2006 A B 2 A 3 4 86 3 4 2 1 87 14 1 1 A 2010 2010 3 5 2 1 15 1 15 20 2010 88 2 3 5 2 1 2010 14 2011 15 4 1 3 1 3 15 3 16 3 1 6 COP10 89 14 4 1 7 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 3 5 90 4 1 3 300 5

More information

6 1Bulletin of Tokyo University and Graduate School of Social Welfarepp73-86 2015, 10 372-0831 2020-1 2015 5 29 2015 7 9 : : : 1 A B C D E 4 A B A B A B A ] AB C D E 4 8 73 17 2 22 750 1 2 26 2 16 17 32

More information

112 22,,,,,,,,,2,, 5% 5 2% % % 5% 5% 6% 6 20% 20 30% national, family,, individual social 3C 2012 pp a 1 social,2009;, 2010, 20

112 22,,,,,,,,,2,, 5% 5 2% % % 5% 5% 6% 6 20% 20 30% national, family,, individual social 3C 2012 pp a 1 social,2009;, 2010, 20 111 n=1151 8, 2011; 2012,2012 1 3,1 2 50 60 3 30 3 6 2005a, 2005b, 2007a, 2007b, 2009a, 2009b, 2010, 2011, 2012b 112 22,,,,,,,,,2,, 5% 5 2% 2 1.3 1.4% 1.3 1.4% 5% 5% 6% 6 20% 20 30% national, family,,

More information

136 borderline child K

136 borderline child K Asperger Syndrome and Psychotherapy Ryuji Kobayashi 136 borderline child K 137 138 vitality affects 139 140 G G G 141 vitality affects 142 vitality affects Stern a MIU 143 b 144 145 MIU MIU 146 147 C 148

More information

P

P 03-3208-22482013 Vol.2 Summer & Autumn 2013 Vol.2 Summer & Autumn 90 527 P.156 611 91 C O N T E N T S 2013 03-3208-2248 2 3 4 6 Information 7 8 9 10 2 115 154 10 43 52 61 156 158 160 161 163 79 114 1 2

More information

untitled

untitled 2003 11 14 1 1 1999 2003 E-mail: kitamura@ier.hit-u.ac.jp E-mail : ged0305@srv.cc.hit-u.ac.jp 1 2001 Greenwald(2003) Hewlett(2002) 1 2 1 1 1999 1997 1960 1985 20 1920 1940 1950 1960 1990 20 3 1940 1950

More information

NO.80 2012.9.30 3

NO.80 2012.9.30 3 Fukuoka Women s University NO.80 2O12.9.30 CONTENTS 2 2 3 3 4 6 7 8 8 8 9 10 11 11 11 12 NO.80 2012.9.30 3 4 Fukuoka Women s University NO.80 2012.9.30 5 My Life in Japan Widchayapon SASISAKULPON (Ing)

More information

X

X X X X X 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 X X 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

More information

橡ボーダーライン.PDF

橡ボーダーライン.PDF 1 ( ) ( ) 2 3 4 ( ) 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 ( ) 15 16 17 18 19 20 ( ) 21 22 23 24 ( ) 25 26 27 28 29 30 ( ) 31 To be or not to be 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 ( ) 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 ( ) 49 50 51 52

More information

Adult Attachment Projective AAP PARS PARS PARS PARS Table

Adult Attachment Projective AAP PARS PARS PARS PARS Table PARS PARS PARS PARS IWM IWM SATSAT Adult Attachment Projective AAP PARS PARS PARS PARS Table PARS PARS PARS PARS PARS AAP George, West, & Pettem Bowlby Bowlby George et al.,, Pp. - Geroge & West, PARS

More information

Core Ethics Vol. : Esping-Andersen = : : : ; : ; : abuse fraud Cohen [ ] : : -

Core Ethics Vol. : Esping-Andersen = : : : ; : ; : abuse fraud Cohen [ ] : : - Core Ethics Vol. ; ; ; b : : - DC Core Ethics Vol. : Esping-Andersen = : : : ; : ; : abuse fraud Cohen [ ] : : - : DV Core Ethics Vol. claims-making activities Best : = : : : Gusfield Best = Ibarra and

More information

Core Ethics Vol. Nerriere D.Hon EU GS NPO GS GS Oklahoma State University Kyoto Branch OSU-K OSU-K OSU-K

Core Ethics Vol. Nerriere D.Hon EU GS NPO GS GS Oklahoma State University Kyoto Branch OSU-K OSU-K OSU-K Core Ethics Vol. K EU Core Ethics Vol. Nerriere D.Hon EU GS NPO GS GS Oklahoma State University Kyoto Branch OSU-K OSU-K OSU-K OSU-K OSU-K OSU-K OSU-K OSU-K Team FA SA TP TP KINDER WP THP FP, KINDER World

More information

ハイコミットメントモデルの有効性についての考察 

ハイコミットメントモデルの有効性についての考察  No. 21 2001 8 Abstract The purpose of this study is to analyze the current validity of the high commitment management model, which has been widely used in the USA and Europe. This model has shown efficiency

More information

6 68

6 68 1 2 3 1 2 4 67 6 68 1990 Y X X Y 1994 Y Y X X X 10 69 10 10 11 13 11 12 13 11 12 70 11 12Y 11 12 11 12 11 12 13 13 13 1994 14 15 1994 64 16 1994 67 17 71 17 17 17 16 Alfonso 1974 1973 1984 1991 1990 18

More information

untitled

untitled Vol. 19 No. 1 2009 13 23 Λ1 Λ2 2 1) 10 1 Infertility 1785 1978 1980 1983 IVF-ET 2) 1 1 1 6 65% 1 80% Λ1 Λ2 701-0193 288 E-Mail: hiro210691@yahoo.co.jp 13 14 2 90% 3 93% 2 10% 40% 40% 15% 5% 3) 2 4) 5)

More information

<8ED089EF8B49977634342D312D30914F95742E696E6464>

<8ED089EF8B49977634342D312D30914F95742E696E6464> The Treatments in the Institutions Regarded As Inappropriate by Certified Student Social Workers and Their Coping Behavior: Survey and Analysis Nobuko SAKATA (1) 15 13 (2) 47 16 (3) 53 44-1 2006 17 1810

More information

.....^06.{.....l

.....^06.{.....l Abstract The focal point of Nakajima Atsushi s representations of colonial hybridization in his literary texts changes from indigenization into civilization after his eight-month stay in Japanese-ruled

More information

Microsoft Word - chinese_CT_CE.doc

Microsoft Word - chinese_CT_CE.doc 马 检 检 检 摄 关 剂 详 细 说 医 说 吗 1 过 剂 检 吗 过 剂 现 况 吗 现 觉 吗 过 药 过 况 吗 2 过 吗 样 过 医 说 过 状 吗 检 剂 过 医 说 过 肾 脏 吗 3 时 饮 饮 吗 饭 饭 没 饭 约 点 钟 没 过 话 会 发 剂 4 当 况 对 检 紧 张 会 现 剂 请 给 剂 针 剧 请 马 说 5 针 吗 话 请 说 医 员 时 请 这 个 钮 剂 来

More information

untitled

untitled 1 FFG 08: 11-13 01 N: >< 02 :. hh 03 O: ->? 04 N: := 2 KB-3 07: 19-24 01 F:.? 02 A: ->? 03 F:? 3 KB-3 01: 04-10 01 B: : 02 - : 03 C: 04 ::. 05 B: :. 06. 07 C: ->h- :::? 08 B:.= :. 09 C: ::: 10 B:. 4 KB-3

More information

123-099_Y05…X…`…‘…“†[…h…•

123-099_Y05…X…`…‘…“†[…h…• 1. 2 1993 2001 2 1 2 1 2 1 99 2009. 1982 250 251 1991 112 115 1988 75 2004 132 2006 73 3 100 3 4 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.. 3.1 1991 2002 2004 3 4 101 2009 3 4 4 5 1 5 6 1 102 5 6 3.2 2 7 8 2 X Y Z Z X 103 2009

More information

“N’l

“N’l March ISSPInternational Social Survey Program Inglehart materialism postmaterialism environmentalism ISSP ISSPInternational Social Survey Program ISSP Environment Environment II Always Recycling nav ISSP

More information

”Лï−wŁfl‰IŠv‚æ84“ƒ/ı¢fic“_fiñ

”Лï−wŁfl‰IŠv‚æ84“ƒ/ı¢fic“_fiñ February 169 News Week JAPAN S DIRTY SECRET Schoolgirls Selling Sex:The New Teen Trade Raises Questions About the Country s Moral Values 170 p February 171 p p Vern & Bonnie p 172 sex work Delacoste &

More information

13 HOW TO READ THE WORD

More information

平成12年度 対日直接投資増加の理由と日本経済にもたらす影響に関する調査 第2章 対日投資と多国籍企業の戦略について

平成12年度 対日直接投資増加の理由と日本経済にもたらす影響に関する調査 第2章 対日投資と多国籍企業の戦略について OLI 2-1. 2-1-1. 10% 2-1-2. 20 Hymer 1960 1 2 2 1 Vernon 1966 Smith 1987 Jacquemin 1985 21 Buckley & Casson 1976 Teece 1977 arm s-length internalize 2-1-3. OLI 40 OLI Dunning 1979 2 OLI 3 O: Ownership specific

More information

... a. b. c. a b c : - a b iphone CD DVD a, b 2

... a. b. c. a b c : - a b iphone CD DVD a, b 2 . a. b. c. a b a,b c a,b c a b c ab,c a-ca a a-c 1 ... a. b. c. a b c : - a b iphone CD DVD a, b 2 c : - : -.. a-c a. b. i ii iii iv v c. d. a 3 : b. i v i ii iii iv negligence v conspiracy of silence

More information

HP 76

HP 76 Sanno University Bulletin Vol.26 No. 1 September 2005 A Study on Discontinuing Service by the Government Housing Loan Corporation and the Activation of the Japanese Housing Loan Market Retail sections

More information

22.5.1

22.5.1 22.5.1 78 This is 10 10 21 H21H25H25 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 1 2 3 1 945 65 295 375 65 1,865 1,005 282 1 25 2 4 6 6 9 53 2 5,000 5,000 114 4/10 1/10 1/10 3,77082

More information

日本語と中国語の受動文に見られる類~ 久/P.41~63 王 亜新

日本語と中国語の受動文に見られる類~ 久/P.41~63 王 亜新 affective passive affectee topic-prominent language topic-comment sentence argument structure topic She was told a long story. The students were asked a very difficult question. asahi.com asahi.com *

More information

language anxiety :, language-skill-specific anxiety Cheng, Horwitz, & Schallert, Horwitz et al. Foreign Language Classroom Anxiety ScaleFLCAS Young, ;

language anxiety :, language-skill-specific anxiety Cheng, Horwitz, & Schallert, Horwitz et al. Foreign Language Classroom Anxiety ScaleFLCAS Young, ; Second Language Anxiety of JSL Learners in In and Outside the Classroom MOCHIZUKI Michiko This article discusses second language anxiety with special reference to Japanese education in in-classroom and

More information

07_太田美帆.indd

07_太田美帆.indd 54 2013 pp. 167 190 2011 3 11 1 2 8 2014 1 6 167 54 133 2 2011 3 11 3 4 5 3 / 168 3 2013 11 133 NPO 6 PBV PBV 0 3 2012 3157 1 501076 99 11,427 PBV 67,991 7 254 1 PBV PBV PBV PBV 2011 2011 2012 5 5 6,695

More information

DAY )

DAY ) Food makes difference ) DAY ) & BKC...... :: :: :: /) / ) /) / / ) ) BKC KIC BKC no. p. ..) no. UNIV COOP - The Current Situation and Issues of the Eating Habits Diet of Ritsumeikan University Students

More information

( ) ATR

( ) ATR NAIST-IS-MT1151006 2013 2 7 ( ) ATR ,,,,, NAIST-IS-MT1151006, 2013 2 7. i Communication Robot for Expressing User s Physically Aggressive Behavior Maiko Adachi Abstract This thesis investigates how to

More information