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42 Hayakawa, M and Y. Fujinawa (eds), Electromagnetic Phenomena Related to Earthquake Prediction, Terra Science Publishing Company, Tokyo, Yoshida T. and M. Nishi, The Observation of Broadband Co-seismic Electromagnetic Waves in VHF Band, 2001 IEEE Antennas & Propagation Society International Symposium, ,

43 Gokhberg et al VAN VAN 43

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45 Gokhberg, M. B., V. A. Morgounov, and E. L. Arnov, On high frequency electromagnetic radiation during seismic activity, Dokl. Akad. Nauk USSR, 248, 1077, 79 Varotsos, P., K. Alexopoulos, and M. Lazaridou, Latest aspects of earthquake prediction in Greece based on seismic electric signals, II, Tectonophysics, 224, 1-37, 1993 Nagao, T., Y. Orihara, T. Yamaguchi, I. Takahashi, K. Hattori, Y. Noda, K. Sayanagi, and S. Uyeda, Co-seismic geoelectric potential changes observed in Japan, Geophys. Res. Lett., 27, ,

46 Uyeda, S., T. Nagao, Y. Orihara, and I. Takahashi, Geoelectric potential changes: Possible precursors to earthquakes in Japan, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 97, ,

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52 Earthquake and Animals (World scientific, Singapore, 2004) 52

53 Caltech 1Bastian H. Asahara, S. Yokoi, C. Yamanaka and M. Ikeya: An automatic infrared sensor system to observe unusual animal behavior. J. Atmospheric Electricity 22 No.3 (2002) C. Yamanaka, H. Asahara and M. Ikeya: Wideband environmental electromagnetic wave observation searching for seismo-electromagnetic signals and simultaneous observation of catfish behavior-the cases for the Western Tottori and the Geiyo earthquakes. J. Atmospheric Electricity 22 No.3 (2002) 53

54 3Frazer-Smiht A.C., Bernardi A., McGrill P.R., Ladd M.E., Helliwell R.A. and Villard Jr. O.G.(1990): Low-frequency magnetic field measurements the near epicenter of the Ms 7.1 Loma Prieta earthquake. Geophys.Res. Lett. 17,

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60 Rikitake, T.(1976):Recurrence of great earthquakes at subduction zonestectonophysics, 35 Shimazaki, K. and T. Nakata(1980):Time-predictable recurrence model for large earthquakes, Geophysical Research Letters, 7. 60

61 Hori, T. and K. Oike(1996):A statistical model of temporal variation of seismicity on the inner zone of southwest Japan related to the great interplate earthquake along the Nankai Trough, Journal of Physics of the Earth,

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83 <?xml version="1.0" encoding="shift_jis"?> <!DOCTYPE BunkenDB [ <!ELEMENT BunkenDB (Bunken*) > <!ELEMENT Bunken (Number,Author*,Title?, Year?,Month?,Day?, BookName?,Publisher?,Volume?,Number?,Page?, Keywords?,Abstract?) > <!ELEMENT Number (#PCDATA) > <!ELEMENT Author (#PCDATA) > <!ELEMENT Title (#PCDATA) > <!ELEMENT Year (#PCDATA) > <!ELEMENT Month (#PCDATA) > <!ELEMENT Day (#PCDATA) > <!ELEMENT Classificaiotn (#PCDATA) > <!ELEMENT BookName (#PCDATA) > <!ELEMENT Publisher (#PCDATA) > <!ELEMENT Volume (#PCDATA) > <!ELEMENT Number (#PCDATA) > <!ELEMENT Page (#PCDATA) > <!ELEMENT KeyWords (#PCDATA) > <!ELEMENT Abstract (#PCDATA) > ]>. 7.10XML DTD (1) Yahoo Japan, URL: ! 83

84 . (a) (b) (c The Royal Society, 1983, Lind, et al., 1991,

85 Risk Management Crisis Management, Hazard Management 8.1 Kinoshita & Yoshino, , , 1993,

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94 Kinoshita, T. & Yoshino, k.(1995),risk perception and risk related behaviors in the Great Hanshin Earthquake. Annual Meeting of the Society for Risk Analysis and the Japan Section of SRA. Lind. N.C., Nathwani, J.S. & Siddall, E.(1991) Managing risks in the public interest. Insutitute for Risk Research. University of Wateloo. Reischauer, E.O. (1977) The Japanese today : change and continuity. Harvard University Press. The Royal Society (1983) Risk assessent : A study group report. The Royal Society. 94

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