56 56 The Development of Preschool Children s Views About Conflict Resolution With Peers : Diversity of changes from five-year-olds to six-year-olds Y

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2 56 56 The Development of Preschool Children s Views About Conflict Resolution With Peers : Diversity of changes from five-year-olds to six-year-olds Yukari KUBO

3 Rubin, Bukowski, & Parker,1998 (Saarni, Mumme, & Campos 1998) (Shantz,1987) (,2002; Selman, 2003) social conflict (Shantz,1987) Kinoshita, Saito, & Matsunaga, 1993 ; Rubin, et al,1998 ;,1992, 1994, 1996, 1998 Kyratzis & Guo, 2001 ;, 2003 (Saarni, Mumme, & Campos, 1998; Eisenberg, 1986) 98

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15 Dunn & Herrera 1997 David, K. M., Murphy, B. C., Naylor, J. M., & Stonecipher, K. M The effects of conflict role and intensity on preschoolers expectations about peer conflict. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 28, Dunn, J., & Herrera, C Conflict resolution with friends, siblings, and mothers: A developmental perspective. Aggressive Behavior, 23, Eisenberg, N Altruistic emotion, cognition, and behavior. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates (2).3 p Kinoshita, Y., Saito, K., & Matsunaga, A Developmental changes in antecedents and outcomes of peer conflict among preschool children: A longitudinal study. Japanese Psychological Research, 35, : 7, p a 16,P b Kyratzis, A., & Guo, J Preschool girls and boys verbal conflict strategies in the United States and China. Research on Language and social Interaction, 34, Rubin, K. H., Bukowski, W., & Parker, J. G Peer interactions, relationships, and groups. In W. Damon & N. Eisenberg (eds.) Handbook of child psychology, fifth edition, vol.3: Social, emotional, and personality development. Pp John Wiley & Sons: New York pp

16 56 Shantz, C. U Conflicts between children. Child Development, 58, Saarni, C., Mumme, D.L., & Campos, J.J Emotional development: Action, communication, and understanding. In W. Damon & N. Eisenberg (eds.) Handbook of child psychology, fifth edition, vol.3: Social, emotional, and personality development. Pp John Wiley & Sons: New York. Selman, R The growth of interpersonal understanding: Developmental and clinical analyses. Academic Press : New York. Selman, R The promotion of social awareness: Powerful lessons from the partnership of developmental theory and classroom practice. Russell Sage Foundation ((B)(2))pp C 45(1) p

17 Abstract The Development of Preschool Children s Views About Conflict Resolution with Peers: Diversity of Changes from Five-Year-Olds to Six-Year-Olds Yukari KUBO The purpose of this study is to explore the development of preschool children s views about conflict resolution with their peers. Thirty-one five-year-olds were interviewed on how they resolve conflicts with classmates. They were interviewed again one year later and asked the same questions. The findings were as follows; two major changes of views about conflict resolution with peers from five-year-olds to six-year-olds were found. The one change was when they were five-year-olds, they were not able to recognize conflict resolutions, and one year later, they became to recognize the typical resolution was to apologize. The other change was when they were five-year-olds, they recognized some conflict resolutions, and one year later they became to recognize the autonomous resolution which is to conciliate the conflicts from the third person s point of view. In addition to these major changes, there appears to be some minor changes. It is suggested that there is diversity in developmental changes of preschoolers views about conflict resolutions with their peers. 112

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