A Study on Interruptions in the Conversations: To Demonstrate the Features of the Conver sation between Japanese Native Speakers and Chinese Japanese

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2 A Study on Interruptions in the Conversations: To Demonstrate the Features of the Conver sation between Japanese Native Speakers and Chinese Japanese Learners LIU Jiajun This study aims to investigate the features of interruptions in small group conversations by Japanese native speakers (JNSs) and Chinese Japanese learners (CJLSs). This study will demonstrate the features of interruptions from the point of view of position and function. The position of interruption was classified into at the beginning of turn, subject, predicate, and dependent clause. And the function of interruption was classified into interruption in the floor of the previous speaker that includes supplementation, comment, question and preoccupation, and interruption which creates a new floor that refers to a new topic. The participants of each group were two Japanese native speakers and two Chinese Japanese learners. The topics of the discussion were What should you study in the graduate level? and How about the life at the graduate level? The final results indicate that, (1) From position of interruption, it shows that interruption in subject was 20.00% and in predicate was 65.45% by the JNSs. Clearly the interruption concentrated on the predicate. On the other hand, the interruption by the CJLSs was 35.62% in subject and 43.83% in predicate. The interruption concentrated on both positions. (2) From function of interruption, there were high frequencies of the interruption in the floor of the previous speaker (it refers to comment, question and preoccupation ) by the JNSs. Inter- 1

3 rupter tended to share the floor with the previous speaker via the interruption. On the side of CJLSs, they highly tended to create a new floor through interruption

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25 Edelsky, C Who s got the floor? In Tannen. D. Gender and Conversational Interaction. Chapter 8 pp Oxford Studies in Sociolinguistics. Sacks, H., Schegloff, E. A. & Jefferson, G A simplest systematics for the organization of turn-taking for conversation, Language, 504, Tannen. D Analyzing talk among friends. In Conversational Style pp Ablex Pub. Corp. 24

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