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1 /,

2

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7 S=1/2 S=0 S=1/2

8

9

10 -

11 S// m H m H = S G

12 e + +

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31 G Z (t) 1 0 t

32 G Z (t) 1 0 t

33 G Z (t) 1 0 t

34

35

36

37

38 SR

39 G Z (t) = 1/3 + (2/3)(1-2 t 2 )exp(- 2 t 2 /2) G Z (t) 1-1/3 1/3 0 3/ 3/ t

40 G Z (t) = 1/3 + (2/3)(1-2 t 2 )exp(- 2 t 2 /2) G Z (t) - 1 G Z (t) 1 1/3 1/3 0 3/ 3/ t 1/3 1/3 0 t 1/3 x -1 1/3 y 1/3 z z 1/3 G Z (t) = 1 2/3 G Z (t) = 0 0 G Z (t) 1 t

41 SR G Z (t) 1 1/3 z 0 t

42 SR G Z (t) G Z (t) G Z (t) t 0 t 0 t -1

43 SR G Z (t) G Z (t) 1 1 1/3 1/3 0 t 0 t

44 SR G Z (t) 1 G Z (t) 1 0 t 0 t

45 SR G Z (t) G Z (t) 1 1 1/3 1/3 0 t 0 t

46 25 La 2-x Sr x Cu 1-y Fe y O 4 x = y = 0.01 Raw Asymmetry (%) Time (µsec) T = 20.5 K Normalized Asymmetry La 1.85 Sr 0.15 Cu 0.90 Ni 0.10 O 4 3 K 2 K 0.3 K 20 K 5 K Time (µsec)

47 N. Nishida et al., Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 26 (1987) L1856

48 SR LF- SR) G Z (t) G Z (t) t 0 t

49

50 SR TF- SR) T > T c G Z (t) 1 0 t -1

51 TF- SR T < T c H c1 < H < H c2 H c1 < H < H c2 vortex vortex (m*/n s ) 1/2

52 TF- SR -2 n s /m*

53

54 SR TF- SR) = ( G Z (t) t

55

56

57 < 10-9 sec sec > 10-5 sec

58

59

60

61

62

63 Bohr model E n 2 4 Z me = 2 2 8n ε h 2 4πεon h rn = 2 Zme mµ E 207 m E e o 2 µ e 2 r r e µ

64

65

66

67 RAL PSI TRIUMF KEK-MSL J-PARC Pulse beam : long relaxation of muon spins DC beam : fast muon-spin precession and fast relaxation of muon spins

68 The END

positron 1930 Dirac 1933 Anderson m 22Na(hl=2.6years), 58Co(hl=71days), 64Cu(hl=12hour) 68Ge(hl=288days) MeV : thermalization m psec 100

positron 1930 Dirac 1933 Anderson m 22Na(hl=2.6years), 58Co(hl=71days), 64Cu(hl=12hour) 68Ge(hl=288days) MeV : thermalization m psec 100 positron 1930 Dirac 1933 Anderson m 22Na(hl=2.6years), 58Co(hl=71days), 64Cu(hl=12hour) 68Ge(hl=288days) 0.5 1.5MeV : thermalization 10 100 m psec 100psec nsec E total = 2mc 2 + E e + + E e Ee+ Ee-c mc

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